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blue headband weed

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Blueberry Headband

Taste & Smell

  • Sour
  • Sweet

Effects

  • Calm
  • Energetic
  • Creative
  • Hungry
  • Dizzy
  • Dry Eyes
  • Dry Mouth
  • Nervous

Pairs Well With

  • Arts & Crafts
  • Eating
  • Going Out
  • Social Events
  • Yard Games

About this Hybrid Strain

Blueberry Headband is an indica-dominant hybrid cannabis strain that derives its name from its parents. It produces buds that have a scent and flavor reminiscent of blueberries and fresh earth with some noting a hint of lemon.

THC levels of Blueberry Headband average anywhere between 10-20% depending on crop, making itimportant to check when purchasing. Lower THC content crops can make this strain perfect for noviceconsumers. Its high produces even mental and physical effects: Blueberry Headband will increaseenergy, induce creativity, relax the mind and body as stress and pain are alleviated, and for some,produce the munchies. It can also help with nausea and anxiety.

Paranoia, dizziness, and headaches are adverse effects of consuming this strain, along with the normaldry eyes and mouth.

Blueberry Headband is most popularly found on the West Coast, Arizona, and Michigan.

Lab Data

Lineage

Comments

Hytiva is providing real-time dispensary menus and facilitating online ordering of medical & recreational cannabis through partnerships with local dispensaries everywhere.

Blueberry Headband is an indica-dominant hybrid cannabis strain that derives its name from its parents. It produces buds that have a scent and flavor reminiscent of blueberries and fresh earth with some noting a hint of lemon. THC levels of Blueberry Headband average anywhere between 10-20% depending…

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cbd for trigeminal neuralgia

Best CBD Oil for Trigeminal Neuralgia – November 2020

Does CBD Oil Work for Trigeminal Neuralgia ?

  • Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN) is caused by damage or dysfunction in the trigeminal nerve , resulting in severe pain on the face.
  • C annabidiol ( CBD ) may have therapeutic effects in pain management by modulating receptors in the ECS (1) . A study from Pharmacological Reviews showed that CBD might strengthen nerve impulse in the ECS receptors, resulting in analgesic potency (2) .
  • A review shared that CBD might be useful in alleviating neuropathic pain and hyperalgesia (pain sensitivity) (3) .
  • Researchers observed that high blood pressure increases the risk of TN. A 2017 preclinical study showed that CBD reduced the resting blood pressure of human subjects (4) .
  • However, more studies are needed to support CBD’s benefits to people with trigeminal neuralgia.

Best CBD for Trigeminal Neuralgia

Spruce 750mg Lab Grade CBD Oil

Specifically formulated to be more palatable to CBD users
Overall Clinical Score

Each bottle of the 750mg CBD oil tincture contains 25mg of CBD per dropper full. The oil is peppermint flavor to mask any unpleasant tastes related to CBD.

  • &nbsp Mid-strength
  • &nbsp Natural peppermint flavor
  • &nbsp Made from 100% organic and natural ingredients
  • &nbsp No other flavors
Discount pricing available? 20% Off Coupon Code: CBDCLINICALS
Source

NuLeaf Naturals 900mg Full Spectrum Hemp CBD Oil

Perfect for anyone who are looking for CBD products that promote a healthy body and mind.
Overall Clinical Score

Natural remedy for various illnesses. NuLeaf Naturals’ CBD oil is a whole-plant extract containing a full spectrum of naturally occurring synergistic cannabinoids and terpenes.

  • &nbsp Pure CBD hemp
  • &nbsp All natural
  • &nbsp Approximately 300 drops total
  • &nbsp No other flavors
Discount pricing available? 20% Off Coupon Code: CBDCLINICALS20
Source

Sabaidee Super Good Vibes CBD Oil

4x the strength of a regular cbd oil
Overall Clinical Score

Super Good Vibes CBD Oil provides the purest and highest quality Cannabidiol (CBD) on the market as well as other high quality phytocannabinoids, terpenes, vitamins, omega fatty acids, trace minerals, and other beneficial for your health elements, which all work together to provide benefits.

  • &nbsp Extra strong
  • &nbsp Significant benefits with just a few drops
  • &nbsp 100% Natural ingredients
  • &nbsp No other flavors
Discount pricing available? 15% Off Coupon Code: CBDCLINICALS15
Source

cbdMD CBD Oil Tincture Natural 1500mg

Uses USA hemp that is grown on non-GMO farms, and is both vegan and gluten-free
Overall Clinical Score

cbdMD’s CBD oil tinctures are made using only CBD sourced from medical hemp and MCT oil as a carrier oil. Tinctures are offered in orange, mint, natural, and berry flavors. Safe for daily use, the oil tinctures are packaged with a built-in rubber dropper to adjust CBD dosage easily. The packaging is made to be easy to transport and discreet to use.

  • &nbsp Various delicious flavors to choose from
  • &nbsp Has vegan, organic, and gluten-free ingredients
  • &nbsp Free shipping for this particular product within USA
  • &nbsp World-class customer service team
  • &nbsp cbdMD uses MCT as its carrier oil so individuals who are allergic with coconuts should consider other brand options
Discount pricing available? 15% Off Coupon Code: cbdMD15
Source

Why People Are Turning to CBD Oil for Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is a form of neuropathic pain condition caused by dysfunction in the trigeminal nerve . The nerve is responsible for carrying sensation signals from the face to the brain.

TN pain has been reported to be so severe that it has been called the “ suicide disease ” (5) .

Slight stimulations on the face, such as touching, brushing, and washing may cause severe facial pain . TN may also cause muscle spasms, feelings of electric shock , and burning sensation .

TN symptoms include anticonvulsant agents, antispasmodic agents, surgery, and other procedures that involve inserting a stent into the trigeminal nerve .

Antiepileptic medications, such as gabapentin and carbamazepine, have been used to treat TN (6) . However, the lack of intolerability and efficacy has been observed among these medications after prolonged use (7) .

CBD is a proven antiepileptic treatment (8) . A recent study posted in Molecules mentioned evidence of CBD ’s anticonvulsant and neuroprotective properties. These actions might help reduce spasms (9) .

Studies have not investigated CBD ’s efficacy on spasms caused by TN. However, CBD might have therapeutic benefits for treating chronic pain caused by TN (10) .

A review shared that cannabinoids , such as CBD , might help alleviate neuropathic pain and hyperalgesia (pain sensitivity). The review mentioned that there is evidence that cannabinoids might block the pain pathway ’s neural transmission (11) .

The authors added that the nociceptive effects produced by cannabinoids might be a potential therapeutic approach to the management of trigeminal neuralgia (12) .

The analgesic and anti-hyperalgesic effects of CBD were supported by an animal study published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine (13) .

The study mentioned that CBD possesses therapeutic benefits that might reduce pain and inflammation caused by neuropathy (14) .

Neuropathy is dysfunction or damage in the nerves that may cause pain, tingling and burning sensations , numbness, or muscle weakness.

Moreover, the authors added that CBD was able to mitigate hyperalgesia in mice models. The study concluded that CBD reduced persistent inflammation and neuropathic pain (15) .

Another study shared in the European Journal of Pharmacology demonstrated that CBD possesses potent anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects (16) .

In the study, oral CBD was administered on rat models with induced sciatic nerve compression. Researchers found that CBD treatment reduced hyperalgesia and reduced inflammation (17) .

According to experts, trigeminal nerve pain can be caused by a blood vessel pressing on the trigeminal nerve . This compression causes damage to the trigeminal’s protective coating (myelin sheath) (18) .

Moreover, researchers observed that high blood pressure increases the risk for TN (19) .

A preclinical study acknowledged that CBD has cardiovascular benefits (20) . The authors mentioned that healthy volunteers (age 21-29) whose hypertension is triggered by stress displayed a lower resting blood pressure after taking CBD .

Clinical studies without limitations are needed to demonstrate CBD ’s ability to reduce blood pressure in older individuals.

Most of the studies mentioned have shown results using animals as test subjects. More clinical studies are needed to prove CBD ’s efficacy in alleviating nerve pain .

How CBD Oil Works to Help With Trigeminal Neuralgia

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is essential in maintaining homeostasis in the central nervous system , peripheral nervous system , immune system, and organs.

The ECS is composed of receptors that are spread across the human body. These receptors include the cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) and glycine receptor (GLyR) (21) .

Studies acknowledged that modulating the receptors in the ECS might influence bodily functions, resulting in several therapeutic benefits (22) .

Modulatory effects can be triggered or stimulated by cannabinoids , such as cannabidiol ( CBD) , tetrahydrocannabinol ( THC ), cannabichromene (CBC), cannabinol (CBN), and cannabigerol (CBG) (23) .

A study posted by the Journal of Experimental Medicine suggested that modulating the ECS might have therapeutic effects in pain management (24) .

Moreover, the authors mentioned that glycine receptors in the central nervous system are an essential target for alleviating neuropathic pain (25) .

The authors added that cannabinoids , such as THC and CBD , might strengthen nerve impulses in the glycine receptors, resulting in analgesic potency (26) .

Glycine receptors are ion channels that are responsible for neurotransmission.

The study found that oral CBD treatment provided a binding glycine activity that reduced hyperalgesia and neuropathic pain in mice models.

The Pros and Cons of CBD Oil for Trigeminal Neuralgia

The Pros
  • Studies demonstrated that CBD might have therapeutic effects in pain management by modulating receptors in the ECS (27) .
  • Researchers acknowledged that CBD might strengthen nerve impulses in the ECS receptors, resulting in analgesic potency (28) .
  • Animal studies have shown that oral CBD treatment might be useful in alleviating neuropathic pain and hyperalgesia (pain sensitivity) (29) .
  • Studies have shown that CBD might reduce blood pressure . High blood pressure might increase the risk for TN (30) .
  • Researchers acknowledge that CBD is well-tolerated and has an excellent safety profile (31) .
The Cons
  • There are not enough clinical studies that support CBD ’s efficacy in treating trigeminal neuralgia .
  • Studies mentioned that CBD might cause adverse effects, such as dry mouth, diarrhea, drowsiness, loss of appetite, and CBD -induced drug interactions (32) .
  • An animal study has shown that CBD might cause hepatotoxicity (liver damage) when taken in extremely high doses. This hypothesis is supported by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (33) .

How CBD Oil Compares to Alternative Treatments for Trigeminal Neuralgia

There are not many alternative treatment options for painful conditions, like TN. The efficacy of alternative anticonvulsants for treating TN is currently not supported by scientific studies.

A popular alternative treatment for TN is acupuncture. A review mentioned that a 66-year woman suffering from TN believed that she was successfully treated by acupuncture (34) .

Acupuncture is a Chinese tradition that uses microneedles to balance the energy in the body.

Researchers mention that acupuncture may help maintain homeostasis in the ECS and must be investigated. So far, no direct studies have been made on how acupuncture might trigger the cannabinoid receptors (35) .

A study published in Frontiers of Molecular Neuroscience has found that electroacupuncture on osteoarthritis rats was able to increase receptor activity, resulting in reduced chronic pain (36) .

Electroacupuncture is conducted by sending electrical signals through acupuncture needles.

CBD has somewhat similar characteristics to electroacupuncture. A study discussed that CBD ’s modulation of adenosine receptors resulted in reduced pain and inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis mice (37) .

Another alternative treatment for TN is vitamin B12. Studies have shown that vitamin B12 has analgesic properties that might be useful for treating neuropathic pain (38) .

A review from Neural Plasticity cited clinical studies that produced positive results from neuropathic patients following treatments of methylcobalamin (MeCbl), a form of B12. These clinical studies included patients with neuropathic health conditions, such as TN and diabetic neuropathy (39) .

Clinical studies have yet to test CBD ’s efficacy on TN and diabetic neuropathy. However, a study acknowledged that CBD might also possess therapeutic benefits for neuropathic conditions.

CBD ’s modulation of glycine receptors resulted in alleviating chronic pain and hyperalgesia in mice models (40) .

How to Choose the Best CBD Oil for Trigeminal Neuralgia

Full-spectrum CBD oil carries all the major cannabinoids found in hemp plants, such as CBD , CBG, CBC, and 0.3% THC .

Full-spectrum CBD is recommended for treating neuropathic pain . A study posted in Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management acknowledged the analgesic effects of other cannabinoids present in hemp (41) .

Broad-spectrum CBD contains the same cannabinoids in full-spectrum without THC . Broad-spectrum is recommended for individuals who do not want traces of THC in their system.

Full-spectrum and broad-spectrum types provide individuals with the “entourage effect.” The entourage effect means that all the cannabinoids are working in synergy.

Individuals who cannot tolerate other cannabinoids may opt for CBD isolate. This concentration contains 90% CBD .

Additional tips to consider before buying CBD :

  • Customers may check for cannabinoid concentration in the product by referring to the certificate of analysis (COA).
  • Checking testimonials and reviews from other customers is helpful.
  • Consulting with a neurologist before taking CBD is important.

CBD Dosage for Trigeminal Neuralgia

More clinical trials are crucial in determining the correct CBD dose for health conditions.

The British Journal of Pharmacology published a study that recommended a low dose of less than 1 to 50 milligrams kilograms per day ( (42) .

Individuals may increase their dose once their bodies get used to having CBD in their system.

Moreover, a clinical study published by the Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry mentioned that a dose-response curve was observed with CBD (43) .

The authors explained that 300mg pure CBD treatment produced positive results, while 150mg and 600mg did not produce any changes.

Also, a high dosage of CBD is not recommended. A study released by Molecules observed that extremely high doses of CBD caused hepatotoxicity in rat models (44) .

How to Take CBD Oil for Trigeminal Neuralgia

CBD oil may be taken orally in forms of capsules, softgels, and gummies. Individuals may also take CBD capsules , gummies, and other edibles with a glass of water.

A study observed that CBD remained in the system three to four hours after oral intake (45) .

Individuals who want a higher potency of CBD may opt for sublingual administration. CBD tinctures may be taken by using an applicator to drop CBD under the tongue.

More studies are needed to determine absorption speed and plasma concentrations for sublingual delivery.

The half-life of sublingual CBD administration has been observed to be dose-dependent. Nevertheless, researchers observed that plasma concentrations are faster when individuals are in a fasted state (empty stomach) (46) .

CBD tinctures may have an earthy taste due to the presence of terpenes. Terpenes are aromatic compounds found in the plants.

Some individuals may want the fastest method for pain relief . Thus, CBD vape pens and cartridges may be recommended.

Studies have shown that the lungs can be very efficient in delivering CBD into the bloodstream (47) . The authors explained that inhaling CBD through vaporization could deliver plasma concentrations to the body in less than 10 minutes.

However, another study reported that vaping might cause side effects , such as chest pain, shortness of breath, allergic reactions, and chemical irritation (48) .

Are CBD Oil and Medical Marijuana the Same?

Some individuals may mistake CBD for medical marijuana . However, these compounds differ in cultivation and concentration.

Medical marijuana or medical cannabis can come from several cannabis strains. The cannabis plant is harvested for its flowers and leaves, after which they are cured and dried for consumption.

CBD is usually extracted from Cannabis sativa, particularly hemp, using CO2 extraction, solvent extraction, or steam distillation.

The extraction method creates a more concentrated version of hemp. The cannabinoids are manufactured into carrier oils, capsules, edibles, vape juice, and other products.

CBD and medical marijuana also differ in terms of THC content.

CBD contains only 0.3% THC or less, making it legal in all 50 US states and territories (49) . Meanwhile, some dispensaries sell cannabis products that may contain up to 25-28% THC (50) .

Recreational and medical use of marijuana is illegal in the US, except for 11 states. These states may require consumers to procure a medical marijuana card (51) .

Although CBD products are legal, the CBD market remains highly unregulated.

Individuals are advised to always look for the certificate of analysis (COA) before buying the product. The COA is a third-party lab test result from ISO-certified laboratories.

These labs test for cannabinoid concentration and harmful chemicals, such as heavy metals, pesticides, and other contaminants.

The COA allows consumers to know that the product is high-quality and safe for humans or pets.

Conclusion

Studies have shown that CBD might be useful in alleviating neuropathic pain and hyperalgesia . This mechanism is due to CBD’s ability to block neural transmission in the pain receptors (52) .

Researchers also acknowledged that CBD might produce analgesic potency by strengthening nerve impulses in glycine receptors (53) .

Moreover, studies have shown that CBD might indirectly reduce TN pain by lowering blood pressure (54) .

More direct studies are needed to prove CBD ’s efficacy in alleviating neuropathic pain .

However, researchers mention that CBD ’s therapeutic potentials showed promise in improving the quality of life of individuals with TN (55) .

Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN) is caused by damage or dysfunction in the trigeminal nerve, resulting in severe pain on the face.

Therapeutic potential of cannabinoids in trigeminal neuralgia

Affiliation

  • 1 Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan.
  • PMID: 15578967
  • DOI: 10.2174/1568007043336833

Therapeutic potential of cannabinoids in trigeminal neuralgia

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  • Search in NLM Catalog
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Authors

Affiliation

  • 1 Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan.
  • PMID: 15578967
  • DOI: 10.2174/1568007043336833

Abstract

Trigeminal neuralgia is a disorder of paroxysmal and severely disabling facial pain and continues to be a real therapeutic challenge to the clinicians. While the exact cause and pathology of this disorder is uncertain, it is thought that trigeminal neuralgia caused by irritation of the trigeminal nerve. This irritation results from damage due to the change in the blood vessels, the presence of a tumor or other lesions that cause the compression of the trigeminal root. The pain of trigeminal neuralgia is characterized by unilateral pain attacks that start abruptly and last for varying periods of time from minutes to hours. The quality of pain is usually sharp, stabbing, lancinating, and burning. The attacks are initiated by mild stimuli such as light touch of the skin, eating, chewing, washing the face, brushing the teeth, and exposure to wind. Although antiepileptic drug therapy may be beneficial in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia, up to one-half of the patients become refractory or intolerant to these medications. At present there are few other effective drugs. In cases of lacking effect after pharmacotherapy, surgical options may be considered. Currently there is growing amount of evidence to suggest that the psychoactive ingredient in cannabis and individual cannabinoids may be effective in alleviating neuropathic pain and hyperalgesia. Evidence suggests that cannabinoids may prove useful in pain modulation by inhibiting neuronal transmission in pain pathways. Considering the pronounced antinociceptive effects produced by cannabinoids, they may be a promising therapeutic approach for the clinical management of trigeminal neuralgia.

Trigeminal neuralgia is a disorder of paroxysmal and severely disabling facial pain and continues to be a real therapeutic challenge to the clinicians. While the exact cause and pathology of this disorder is uncertain, it is thought that trigeminal neuralgia caused by irritation of the trigeminal ne …

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week 8 flowering cannabis

Timeline of the Cannabis Flowering Stage (12/12 to Harvest)

Table of Contents

Week 1-3 – Transition to Flowering

Week 4-6 – Buds Start Fattening Up

Week 6-8 – Buds Ripen, Pistils Darken – some strains spend longer in this stage

Week 8+ – Flowering Ends, Final Flush, Harvest

Introduction to the Cannabis Flowering Stage

During the phase of life known as the vegetative stage (the first stage of life for marijuana), a cannabis plant grows about how you’d expect… like a weed! In the vegetative stage a cannabis plant only grows new stems and leaves, and can grow several inches a day with the added ability to recover from just about anything!

Even if you run into major problems in the vegetative stage, you can bring your plant back from the brink of death simply by addressing the problem and giving your plant some TLC.

In the vegetative stage, your cannabis plant only grows stems and leaves and is resistant to problems. It grows like a weed!

However, things aren’t so rosy in cannabis flowering stage. In the flowering stage your cannabis plant grows very differently, and is much more sensitive to problems. The tricky thing about the flowering stage is that you don’t have much room for error and big mistakes can lower your yields.

In order to maximize your yields, it’s important to know what to focus on during each part of the flowering stage. It’s also really helpful to know what to expect so you know when something is going wrong!

The Dance of the Flowering Cycle

This flowering stage “walk through” will explain exactly what to expect week-by-week while your plant is making buds, and it’ll tell you what you need to do to ensure you get to harvest with the best bud quality and yields possible!

Week 1-3: Transition to Flowering

When growing cannabis indoors, the flowering stage begins when you change your grow lights to a 12/12 light cycle (12 hours light, 12 hours darkness each day). Getting those 12 hours of uninterrupted darkness each day gives your plant the signal that it’s time to start flowering. In a way the plant “thinks” winter is coming because the days are getting short.

Note: It’s common to think that a cannabis plant getting 12 or less hours of light is what initiates flowering, but it’s actually uninterrupted darkness that does the trick! If the plant gets any light during the dark period, even for just a minute, it won’t make buds! In fact, a flowering plant may even revert back or express hermaphroditism if it gets any light at night!

Outdoors, it’s also the days getting shorter that cause a cannabis plant to start making buds in late summer, but outdoor buds develop on different schedules depending on the local climate. This tutorial is meant to explain how a cannabis plant usually develops when grown indoors, since that is done under controlled conditions, and plants tend to grow the same way.

For the purposes of this tutorial, the flowering stage starts the day you switch to 12/12

Autoflowering strains of cannabis don’t need special light periods to start flowering, however the cannabis flowering timeline in this tutorial is a good general guideline for indoor auto-flowering strains, too. Their “vegetative stage” lasts about 3-4 weeks, so as long as you start counting at week 3-4 from seed (when they start getting their first pistils) this flowering timeline will generally apply to autos too, though sometimes they finish up faster.

During the first few weeks after being switched to a 12/12 schedule, your plant will be growing like crazy and rapidly gaining height. In fact, a cannabis plant can (and frequently will) almost double in height after the switch to 12/12. This period of super-fast and often stretchy growth is sometimes referred to as the “flowering stretch.”

Example of flowering stretch – what to expect

Pre-Stretch – just before 12/12

Post-Stretch – 4 weeks after 12/12

Although your female plants will start sprouting lots of white pistils, they usually won’t start growing “real” buds with substance quite yet. If you’re new to growing cannabis, it’s very important to note that only female cannabis plants make buds.

Did you know you can figure out if a plant is male or female while it’s still in the vegetative stage?

If your plant is male, it will start growing distinct pollen sacs and should be removed from the grow room immediately to prevent it from pollinating your female plants and causing ‘seedy’ buds. Learn where to get feminized (all-female) seeds online so you don’t have to worry about male plants.

Remove any plants growing pollen sacs instead of pistils, because they are male and won’t make buds. Plus they can pollinate your female plants and cause them to grow seeds! What if my plant is growing both pistils and pollen sacs?

Female plants should be growing pistils wherever a fan leaf meets a main stem. They look like white wispy hairs emerging from the joints

During the first few weeks of the flowering stage, you will see bunches of single leaves forming at the tops of your main colas (like in this pic). Soon white pistils will start coming out of the middle of the bunches, and they will become your main buds!

During week 1-3 of the flowering stage, your plant will mostly be producing new stems and leaves as it grows taller. Right now your plant is still very resilient and can handle problems just like in the vegetative stage. However, it’s still very important to avoid problems and take great care of your plant!

As part of the stretch, your plant will be growing out its bud sites. Stunting growth at this point could cause the plant to make smaller and fewer bud sites than it would if it were healthy and growing fast.

If you have more room in your grow space under the light to spread your plants out, or if you are running out of headroom, it is important to gently bend stretching stems down and away from the center of the plant to help maintain a flat canopy (a technique known as low stress training).

During the stretch, gently bend new stems down to try to maintain a flat, even canopy

If you keep up with it during the stretch, you can prevent any one stem from getting much taller than the others

When stems are new, they are flexible and easy to bend, but they quickly harden up and turn woody. By keeping a close eye on your plant and bending any too-tall branches down and away from the center of the plant as soon as you can, you will maximize your yields since that flat shape will most efficiently use your grow lights. If all your main bud sites are spread out and about the same height, you can increase your yields by up to 40% or more!

Spreading out your bud sites and maintaining a flat canopy can increase cannabis yields by as much as 40%…or even more!

At this point, you only have a few weeks left until you lose the ability to do any further training, so don’t miss this last opportunity to control the shape of your plant, especially if you’re running out of room!

Week 3-4: Budlets Form

The mad stretching of the first few weeks will start to slow down in week 3-4, but your cannabis plant will still be growing upward. At this point you’ll actually start to see real buds instead of just hairs (I like to call them “budlets” during this stage) and all the pistils will be white and sticking almost straight out.

“Budlets” start forming where buds will be, with white pistils sticking straight out

Your plant is going to start getting a little picky about the environment and nutrients in week 3-4 so it’s important to keep a close eye on your garden. You need to make sure your plant stays healthy all the way to the end of the flowering stage, and you’ve still got more than a month to go so you don’t want your plant to run into any major health problems now!

Be especially aware of leaf symptoms, for example: discolored/yellow leaves, or if your plant starts rapidly losing leaves. It’s completely normal to lose a few leaves at this stage, especially leaves that aren’t getting light (which often look like they may have a nutrient deficiency and then fall off, but it’s just your plant cannibalizing the leaf since it isn’t getting any more light). That being said, overall your entire plant should still be lush and green in week 3-4 while your budlets are forming.

As your plant continues through the flowering stage, it’s normal to see a few yellow or discolored leaves near the bottom of the plant, especially in the places where the leaves are no longer getting light. This isn’t anything to worry about if it’s just a few leaves as the plant is putting its energy to the top of the plant and the buds.

But it’s not normal for your plant to be yellowing or losing leaves rapidly like this

Another thing to be aware of is nutrient burn. This is what happens when you give your plants too-high levels of nutrients – the tips of all the leaves actually get “burned.” While a little bit of nutrient burn won’t hurt your plant, it’s important to try to avoid it if you can. Your plant can never recover the parts of the leaves lost to nutrient burn, so if you accidentally give too much nutrients in the future, the burning will start “climbing” up the “fingers” of the leaves. Cannabis leaves tend to look much less appealing/pretty as more of each leaf gets burned. However, even cannabis plants with severe nutrient burn can produce good bud, so don’t give up if you run into thi problem!

Try your best to avoid nutrient burn (burnt leaf tips caused by too-high levels of nutrients), as it can only get worse as the flowering stage continues

When nutrient burn starts getting bad, it can actually start discoloring your sugar leaves (the small single-finger leaves emerging from your buds). If nutrient burn reaches the base of the sugar leaves, you won’t be able to trim it off at harvest so your buds will end up with yellow/brown spots where all the leaves were burned.

Nutrient deficiencies can also cause the same problem if left unchecked. This doesn’t necessarily affect the potency but buds don’t look as good as they could have.

So to grow bud you’re proud of, you’ll want to be aware of avoiding nutrient burn from the beginning. Since your plant isn’t really growing many more leaves, you need to really care for the ones it has left.

If they haven’t already, your plants may start to smell!

Some strains like Blue Mystic and Northern Light are known for having relatively low smells, but many strains can start getting pungent quickly!

Week 4-6: Buds Start Fattening

Your budlets are fattening and soon you will have buds with substance! They will still have nearly all white pistils sticking straight up in every direction, but the buds themselves will be getting fatter every day.

By weeks 4-6, the stretch is almost over and you no longer need to pay attention to training your plant. Instead of trying to keep the colas down, from now on you’re doing the opposite – trying to hold any buds up if they start getting too heavy for your plant!

If you’re having trouble fitting your plant in your space within a safe distance from your light, your training options can start looking very grim.

If your plant has grown into the light, you may have to consider last-resort solutions like supercropping (a high-stress training technique of forcing stems to bend at a 90° angle) which you normally should never do this late in the flowering stage.

Since you don’t get many more new leaves, you need to think of your remaining leaves as armor – insurance against any nutrient or leaf problems.

Although you don’t want an excessively leafy plant, and strategic defoliation (for advanced growers) can be helpful to expose bud sites, it’s important to make sure that you let your plant keep enough leaf coverage to power the growth of buds. It may need a little extra help if something happens!

Although defoliation may be used to expose buds sites, make sure your plant still has enough leaves (“armor”) to last until the end of the flowering stage to power the growth of buds, and as insurance against any possible nutrient or leaf problems.

Although most of the pistils will probably still be mostly white by the end of week 6, the buds are getting bigger and denser every day!

Week 6-8: Buds Ripen, Pistils Darken

From now on your plant won’t be making any new leaves or stems. It has completely switched gears away from vegetative growth and all its energy will be focused on growing buds from now until harvest.

It’s normal for some of the bottom leaves to begin to turn yellow as the plant continues to put its energy in the leaves and buds getting the most direct light, though the plant should still be mostly green from top to bottom even in week 6-8.

At this point, your plant may start getting much more picky and sensitive to nutrient problems, including those caused by incorrect pH at the roots. Now is not the time to slack off on caring for your plants!

If your leaves are already turning yellow in week 6-8 it’s too early! Early leaf yellowing is likely caused by either a nutrient problem or light burn (which are both much more common in marijuanas flowering stage). React quickly to problems so you don’t hurt your yields!

Another common problem to watch out for at this stage: if you see a whole new bud or “spire” emerging out of the side of an old bud that’s already developed, it’s usually a sign of heat or light damage.

“Foxtailing” like this is caused by too much heat or light – it’s not normal bud growth! If you see this it means you need to control your temperature and light levels to prevent further damage!

From now until harvest it’s extra important to avoid too-high levels of light or heat because (in addition to foxtailing) this can discolor/bleach/burn your buds and may even “evaporate” away some of the THC / potency.

If things are going well, your buds should be really hitting their stride at this point. They will grow in size significantly over the next few weeks!

Week 8+: Flowering Ends, Final Flush, Harvest

Home stretch! You’re so close! To make sure things go smoothly until harvest, treat your plant like a movie star and attend to its every need! Very few strains of cannabis are ready to be harvested before week 8, but now we’re at to the point where some short strains are getting close to being harvest-ready!

Many growers do a final flush, which involves giving only plain water to your plants (for a few days up to a few weeks) before harvest.

Once you’ve reached week 8, buds are fattening quickly. Trichomes and pistils are maturing, though new pistils may continue to develop on the buds as they grow.

You are basically just maintaining your plant until harvest. Different strains are ready at different times, but from now on you’re going to pretty much treat them all the same. Keep a close eye on the buds, pistils and trichomes as a whole to help you figure out the best time to harvest to get the effects you are looking for.

Now is Probably the Best Time to Take Bud Pics!

Quick Tip: Want to take better bud pics? Try taking a picture of the bud in the dark with your camera flash on. Learn more tips for taking great bud pictures!

Just around 8-10 weeks is when you get to see the buds in their full glory. It’s also when the smell of cannabis often starts to get overpowering!

Your plants are probably STINKING up everything around them!

At this point it’s completely normal for your plant leaves to start yellowing, sometimes rapidly. As long as the yellowing isn’t affecting your buds and you’re very close to harvest then it’s completely normal. You probably can’t prevent this type of yellowing no matter what you do with nutrients because this is just what a cannabis plant naturally does as it’s wrapping up the flowering stage.

After Week 8 it’s normal to see leaves turning yellow, in fact there’s not much you can do to prevent it. As long as it’s close to harvest and the yellowing is not affecting your actual buds it’s ok!

Raising nutrient levels at this stage is not recommended as it won’t stop the yellowing and can possibly prevent your buds from fattening up as much as they could have (cannabis wants relatively low levels of nitrogen in the flowering stage for proper bud growth).

If buds start getting too heavy and fall over, special tools known as plant yo-yos (pictured to the right) can be hung from the ceiling and will hook around your buds to gently hold them up without damaging them.

Many growers choose to give their plants a 2-week flush before harvest to help make sure the plant has used up any additional nutrients that may affect the taste or smell of the buds.

These buds are ready to start flushing – white pistils have nearly all darkened and curled in
(learn exactly when to harvest so your buds produce the right effects)

Sometimes you’ll need to harvest your plant early due to life situations, or because the plant is unhealthy and buds are starting to look burnt or discolored. If your buds look completely done, and you’re seeing leaf symptoms getting worse, it’s often better to harvest a little early to ensure the best possible quality given the situation.

You may want to harvest your marijuana buds early if they’re starting to get damaged by nutrient or other problems. Sometimes it’s better to cut your losses than let your buds continue to get beat up! If you harvest your plants too early you can improve many unwanted effects by curing them. For example, these buds probably should be harvested before the buds get any further damage.

Harvest buds early if they’re getting damaged!

Harvest day is the best day!
(well, until the day you try your buds for the first time!

You can maximize marijuana yields by focusing on the right factors each week of the flowering stage. If you know what your cannabis should look like week-by-week, you'll also be able to quickly tell if something is going wrong!

Cannabis Flowering Week 7 And 8

Robert Bergman
August 31, 2020

Ripening is the most difficult phase. The buds need to ripen at this point in order to be harvested at the best possible moment. The buds are still getting bigger, but not as quickly as in the previous phase. The hairs are becoming more red and the resin balls are getting heavy, sticky and start to shine more and more. The smell is also getting stronger.

In this guide you will learn

  • Day 78
  • Day 80
  • Day 82
  • Day 85
  • Day 87
  • Day 89

Day 80

  • Day 85
  • Day 89
  • Since the buds are getting thicker, all flowers are growing against each other and real big, compact buds are forming. The smell is so strong in this phase that it could become a problem. If you don’t want your neighbors or visitors to smell anything, a carbon filter is the only solution. They’re easy to install and very effective.

    You now need to give your plants a solution with a lot of phosphor and potassium. This helps to create compact and heavy buds and it promotes the production of THC.

    Stop giving nutrients one week before harvesting to rinse the minerals out of the soil and your plants. Rinsing is very important if you want to have a quality end product. If your plants are overloaded with fertilizers, they become too strong to smoke and the taste will be negatively affected.

    • Day 78
    • Day 82
    • Day 89

    If you give your plants nothing but water during the last week, it will take all remnants of nutrients from the soil and the plant tissues. Don’t worry about a nutrient deficiency, because the plant has a sufficient buffer for a week.

    You’ll also see that the bottom leaves are starting to turn yellow. This is because the plant will use all of its chlorophyll reserves at the end of its life. So all chlorophyll in the leaves is used as food, which is why they turn yellow. Don’t do anything to these leaves and only get rid of them when they come off very easily. The plant needs them as a food source.

    Bergman’s Numbers

    Environmental factors

    • Light cycle: 12 hours of light – 12 hours of darkness
    • Light color: Orange-red – HPS/span>
    • Temperature: 70 – 77 degrees
    • Humidity: 50%
    • Fertilizer: 1.7 – 1.8
    • pH: 6.0

    Day 78

    • All buds
    • Close up
    • Pistils

    The buds won’t grow as much anymore. They’ll grow a little bit, but this is the phase in which they’ll harden and get heavier. A lot of potassium is needed for this. If you aren’t giving your plants a booster yet, this is the right time to start. I’ve been giving them Booster by Flower Power for a week now, which is a quality booster you can use in addition to your basic flowering fertilizer. Fox Farm and Canna also have very good products.

    The temperature and humidity are still right. The buds look healthy and the leaves still have a nice green color. As you know, the plant uses its leaves to catch sunlight and convert this to sugars. The more sugars a plant produces, the thicker and heavier your buds become. The quality of your marijuana also improves when more sugars are being produced.

    What is photosynthesis?

    Do you want to know more about photosynthesis and the special enzyme rubisco , which plays a large role in photosynthesis? Read the article Photosynthesis and exactly learn how this works. The more knowledge you have about the various processes that take place inside your plants, the better you can take care of your plants. And the higher your yield will be?

    Day 80

    • All buds
    • Close up
    • Pistils

    Just see how nice and white those buds are starting to become because of all the resin that’s being produced. And once you taste the sharp flavour of this marijuana, you’ll understand why this type is called white widow. The buds look healthy and are developing well. More and more hairs are turning red and I think we’re right on schedule, which means we’ll be harvesting in little over a week.

    The plants are watered 1/2 gallons of water per plant every other day, and they use all of it. This means the evaporation is going well and a lot of water and nutrients are transported through the plant. A properly functioning transportation system in the plant leads to a healthy, strong plant. Sugars from the leaves, water and nutrients from the roots and plant hormones from all cells must be transported to the places they’re needed.

    Transportation in the plant takes place in xylems and phloems. Xylems transport water and nutrients. The water only moves from the bottom to the top. You can compare it to a straw; the leaves suck the water upwards through evaporation.

    Phloems transport the sugars that are produced in the leaves to the other parts of the plant they’re needed. Phloems consist of living cells, so the transportation can take place in all directions through the sink and source principle. Read the complete part on Transportation inside a marijuana plant for more information.

    Day 82

    • All buds
    • Close up
    • Pistils

    This is looking so damn tasty. I’m expecting to harvest about 1.5 to 2 ounces per plant, so this amounts to over a pound of marijuana from 9 plants with 1 x 600 watt HPS. It’s not my all time best harvest, but I’m always satisfied with this amount. When I was growing for the coffee shops in Amsterdam, I always counted on a pound per 600 watt lamp. A grow room had between 10 and 20 lamps, and I received $3000 dollar per pound.

    This resulted in nice amounts of money, but also many problems. A large plantation like this is hard to keep secret and in spite of the flexible policy for hobby growers and users in the Netherlands, professional growers can count on a hefty amount of community service if they get caught. Not that that’s a reason to not do it ;).

    In those days I was much more concerned with the final weight than the smoking effects and the flavor. I dream about genetically modified plants that would yield ten times as much as normal. A bit like what Monsanto does with its corn and grains. Marijuana breeders cross plants with certain characteristics to create stronger plants with higher yields. But how great would it be to make some modifications at the DNA level. Read this article on DNA and genetic modification.

    Day 85

    • All buds
    • Close up
    • Pistils

    The buds continue to grow nicely and the temperature and humidity are perfect. This is the last time I’m giving nutrients to my plants, because there’s still enough in the soil and in the plant to get through the final week. If you harvest the plant when there’s still a lot of fertilizer present inside, the weed will have a very strong taste and the effect becomes a bit narcotic. Don’t be afraid of buds not developing properly during the final week. They keep producing THC, keep hardening and will continue to get heavier.

    From now on you should only provide your plants with water with a pH of 6. In this way, the plant absorbs all nutrients that are present in the soil and you can possible reuse your soil for the next harvest. Make sure you measure it properly and if necessary, consider it an inert medium, so without any nutrients and minerals.

    Here are some standard rules for harvesting marijuana. Make sure you know what to look out for and just post a picture on the forum if you have any doubts. And read the article on When to harvest marijuana plants.

    Harvesting based on flowering time
    Indica: 8 weeks
    Sativa: 9 to 12 weeks
    Autoflower: 10 weeks from seed to bud

    • Flowering week 6
    • Flowering week 7
    • Flowering week 8

    Harvesting based on pistils
    50-70% brown – young, light weed
    70-90% brown – ripe, heavy weed
    90-100% brown – sharp, narcotic weed

    • 50-70% brown
    • 70-90% brown
    • 90-100% brown

    Harvesting based on trichomes
    Clear trichomes – wait a bit longer
    Milky white trichomes – ready for harvest
    Amber trichomes – overripe

    • Clear
    • Milky
    • Amber

    Day 87

    • All buds
    • Close up
    • Pistils

    These plants are almost ready to be harvested. The majority of the pistils are brown and the plant uses less and less water. The main bud still has many white hairs, but that’s because it keeps producing them. So also pay close attention to the larger side buds to decide the right moment of harvesting.

    I sprayed one of the buds every day of the final week to see if bud rot would occur, and it did: the main bud is completely rotten. Bud rot is one of the most annoying fungi, because there’s little you can do once your plants are affected. And it always occurs towards the end of the harvest. So you have to act preventive by keeping a low humidity and by properly ventilating the area.

    • Bud rot
    • Focus rot
    • Close up rot

    You can recognize bud rot by the brown leaves growing out of your buds. They come off very easily when you gently pull on them. This is because bud rot starts inside the bud, so the stem of the leaf is already rotten. Since it starts inside the bud, you won’t notice it until the plant is already contaminated.

    Cut off all rotten parts and look closely between the flowers to see if the trunk is nice and green again. Always wear gloves and make sure you work in a very sterile fashion. Bud rot is highly contagious and you really don’t want to infect your other plants. Read the part Most common fungi for more information on bud rot and other fungi.

    Day 89

    • All buds
    • Close up
    • Pistils

    I’m going to harvest these plants today. They use little water and the leaves are starting to turn yellow. About 70% of the hairs are brown, which I think is exactly right for a white widow. Move on to the next section to see how you should harvest, dry and trim the plants. But first, check out this photo series on the development of the buds. Good luck harvesting.

    • Week 3
    • Week 4
    • Week 5
    • Week 6
    • Week 7
    • Week 9

    View pictures of flowering cannabis during week 7 and 8. These are the final weeks of flowering for most indica strains. Sativas strains take longer.

    Categories
    BLOG

    pre flowering cannabis

    Preflowering And Flowering

    THE END OF VEGETATIVE GROWTH

    By now you have managed to set up the basic environment in which your indoor plant will grow. You have your plants in some pots under a grow light with some white surfaces nearby and some fresh air in the room. You have also been watering your plant properly and you have been adjusting the pH and Nutrients in the soil.

    Everyone makes mistakes on their first time growing. Very few get to this stage without problems, so don’t feel too bad if you did not get it right. Growing marijuana is like riding a bike. Once you get it, it is hard to forget.

    You have been adjusting your lights and watching your plants grow. If you have not had any problems your plants should have a number of nodes and a small leaf mass at the top of your plant which you know is going to form the next set of leaves and branches.

    Your leaves should be flat and stretched out. If they are, then your plant is enjoying its environment. If not then maybe you should consider turning to our problem solver chapter to see what has gone wrong.

    You have been watching the height of your plant every week and now the plant is becoming more like the picture of the strain that you viewed in the seed-bank brochures. Then one day you notice that the plant is not growing much taller anymore. It seems to have stopped. You take a closer look and see that there appears to be small new growths at most of the nodes between the stem and the branch. This is new to you. These have not developed before so you ask yourself, “what are they?”

    Your plant is now reaching the end of its vegetative stage. These small new growths are going to produce more leaf, branches and FLOWERS. The plant is now entering its Pre-flowering stage.

    PRE-FLOWERING

    Now is the time when you should be hoping for as many females as possible and that all your work has not been in vain. You closely look at the new growths (Calyx) to see if you can identify your plants sex, but it is still too early to tell.

    The early stages all look the same you say? What should you do now? You do not know? You will have to wait and see.

    There are three things that can reveal your plant’s sex early on but these are not 100% accurate. They are more of an educated guess. So remember these methods can fail to be accurate but most of the time they are a good indicator.

    First Early Sexing Method:

    If you have been growing the same strain and all the seeds at the same time, then you may notice that some plants are taller than others. This is a sign that the smaller plants are female and the taller ones are male.

    If you want too, you can separate your plants into two sections in order to see how good your guesswork was when you do finally identify sex. The other thing to know is that male plants in general start to pre-flower before females. If you have taller plants that are producing new growths before the smaller ones, then the taller plants are probably male.

    Second Early Sexing Method.

    A good way to identify plant sex at early date is to look at the calyx with the aid of a very fine magnifying glass. (See last page of this book for pre-flowering/calyx illustration)

    If the calyx is raised on a stem then it is probably a male. If the calyx is not raised on a stem then it is probably a female.

    Third Early Sexing Method.

    Force-flowering a cutting is probably the best early sexing method out there. Simply take a cutting from the plant that you want to sex and place the cutting in a cup of water or into a cloning medium such as rockwool. Give the cutting 12 hours light and 12 hours total darkness. The cutting will flower and display its sex. Clones will carry the exact same genetic make-up as the plant it came from, including sex.

    These methods are NOT 100% accurate but will help you to understand more about the visible differences between male and female plants. In a moment we will explain how to identify sex properly and completely.

    THE PRE-FLOWERING TIME

    Your plant will Pre-flower between 1 and 2 weeks and during this period the new growth regions begin to change shape depending on whether the plant is male or female. It is during this shape change that you can properly detect your plant’s sex.

    Pre-flowering is a sign that your plant is mature enough to start flowering. As a grower you have a simple choice to make. Do you want to flower now? Or do you want to continue vegetative growth? Here are a few facts before you make that choice.

    – Most cannabis plants can be kept alive for up to 10 years by simply keeping a light on the plant at all times. These plants will grow to a certain height and then form into a bush. It will then eventually stop producing branches and will spend the rest of its life growing new leaves to replace the old ones.

    – Bud production is not equal to the height of your plant. Bud production is equal to your growing environment, your strain’s genetic make-up and the amount of nodes that the plant has. All nodes are potential bud areas, but every strain has a genetic threshold for bud production.

    – It possible to get more bud with lots of plants which are flowered as soon as they are mature (which also keeps them shorter and smaller), than extending vegetative growth with less plants until they reach their maximum height and size. The time frame for the shorter option may also produce more bud turnover per annum.

    Figure 7.1 – A Picture of a large indoor grow by

    Figure 7.1 – A Picture of a large indoor grow by

    Vic High.

    Keeping these things in mind, you can either choose to flower now or choose to keep your plant growing until it reaches its size threshold before you start flowering. If you take the longer route then prepare to have the space for it, because when you flower most cannabis strains they can sometimes more than double in height and width.

    If you have pre-flowers and want to flower you only have to do one thing. You must put your plants under a 12/12 schedule.

    Figure 7.2 – A Picture of an indoor grow by

    Figure 7.2 – A Picture of an indoor grow by

    THE ALL-IMPORTANT 12/12!

    Most people never get good results or bud quantities from cannabis plants because they have never heard of 12/12.

    12/12 is easy to explain. Cannabis plants grow outdoors naturally between the months of April to October/November. This means that towards the Sept/Oct/Nov dates the plants will be in flowering. During this time the days get shorter and the nights get longer. When this occurs the plant is under 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness. When this 12/12 PHOTOPERIOD occurs the plant is naturally stimulated to flower. If the 12/12 continues then the plant will produce its flowers. As long as 12/12 continues the flowers will grow larger and more plentiful. This is part of the cannabis plants evolution and how it has taught itself when to flower. Naturally as a grower we want lots of flowers so we need to put the plant through a light cycle of 12/12. This means that we must turn our lights on and off at these given ratios.

    During pre-flowering you will either manually turn on your lights for 12 hours and turn off your light for 12 hours everyday or you will use an automatic timer. If your light comes with a timer set the timer to do this. Throughout the 12 hours of darkness it is best to keep your grow area as dark a possible. A small desk light at the other side of your room will cause your plant not to react properly to 12/12 which will result in continued vegetative growth. In fact any light that penetrates the darkness will stop your plants from flowering properly. That means that your grow room must be sealed to the point where it is completely light proof. If you want to learn how to do this perfectly then I suggest that you read up on ‘Photography Dark Rooms’, either on the Internet or in your local library.

    Photographers use common items that can be bought in most hardware shops to make their film-processing rooms light tight. If you can replicate their ideas (basically a thick black screening around the doorframes or any open light points) then you will have a great system for flowering plants in. I think most of you would have done this by now anyway if you listened and took the advice on covering your grow with either Mylar or white walls/boards. If you have prevented any light from leaking out, then you have prevented light from leaking in!

    Problems with 12/12

    If you switch to 12/12 before pre-flowers have shown then you may encounter the following problems.

    – Stress related sex problems (Hermaphrodites).

    – Abnormal bud growth.

    Stress related sex problems MIGHT produce hermaphrodite plants. The stress of what is sometimes called “early flowering” (it is not really early flowering, there is no such thing as early flowering. We will explain this in a moment) triggers the plant into a situation where it thinks that its chances of reproduction are slim to none. That situation is a condition called – ‘self-pollination’. It does this by producing both male and female flowers on the same plant. The male flowers then pollinate the female flowers which will eventually produce seeds. The reason for this is that the plant notices that the photoperiod is irregular and that it should no longer be in the vegetative cycle but in flowering. This shocks the plant into a last ditch effort to receive pollen because it feels that it has missed its chance to receive pollen already (in the wild males release their pollen just around the time that females begin to flower and sometimes even before that).

    Figure 7.3 – This is what hermies look like. Notice that both male pollen pods and female pistils are present on the plant. Picture by Rasta Linus.

    Figure 7.4 – Here is another shot of the condition. The male pods are clearly visible.

    Figure 7.4 – Here is another shot of the condition. The male pods are clearly visible.

    Figure 7.5 – These series of shots also show the hermie condition clearly. Picture by Tick.

    Hermies cause problems because they may carry the hermie trait with their offspring. In fact, genetically the hermie will only produce female seeds and hermaphrodite seeds. It will never produce a male seed. If you have ever seen all female seeds been advertised by seed-banks then you should have the right to know that these seeds come from female plants which are stressed into producing male flowers. The plants then self-pollinate themselves and the results are female and hermaphrodite seeds. In a special case a female known as an XX female will produce more female seeds than hermaphrodite seeds. That is how female seeds are created. In general growers try to keep away from any hermie plants because they will spoil a Sinsemilla crop. Also having pollen floating around in your grow room from a hermie plant will spoil everything else including breeding projects.

    Abnormal bud growth is a side effect of this. Because the plant produces male pollen sacks in with female flowers you may notice that the bud looks different. Also the quantity of female bud produced is decreased because of pollination.

    Early induced flowering is not technically forcing your plant to flower. If you force flower on one strain that has not pre-flowered it will flower at roughly the same time as an exact copy of the same strain which has been flowered only when the pre-flowers appear naturally. Force flowering simply acts by stressing the plant into a crisis condition.

    Get the best out of your plant and wait until your plant starts pre-flowering before switching to 12/12.

    Keep feeding and watering your plant as normal. Pay attention to the flowering areas as they begin to grow. At this stage you may want to switch to your flowering feeds. Soon you will be able to see your plant’s sex.

    THE MALE/FEMALE THING or HOW TO SEX YOUR PLANTS

    You now have spent time and money on your plants. You have grown a small selection in the hope that you will get some females out of them in the end. If you end up with no female plants out of 15 seeds then send the seed-bank a letter explaining how out of the 15 seeds 15 where male. If you are lucky and sincere in your writing then the seed-bank may send you some free seeds or give you a discount on your next order. Seed-Banks or breeders are not responsible for male/female ratios. It simply is not under their control. People get 100% females and others get 100% males, but it is rare that such a thing will happen. To get 5 or more females in a pack of 15 is a good thing.

    Here are some pictures of male and female plants.

    Figure 7.6 – This is a picture of a male plant. You can see the male pod clusters clearly. The picture is by the ‘Chronic Couple’.

    Figure 7.6 – This is a picture of a male plant. You can see the male pod clusters clearly. The picture is by the ‘Chronic Couple’.

    Figure 7.7 – This is a female plant by BigIslandBud.

    Notice how the female produces little white hairs and the male produces little ball like shapes. This is the definitive male/female telltale factor. Do not kill away any plants before you see these flowers. It is the only time that you can really say for sure if the plant is male or female.

    FLOWERING

    If all things have gone well and you have taken good care of your plants, you will now enter the flowering stage of the plant’s life cycle. You have removed and maybe killed off the males. You now have a number of females to work with. This is going to be the most important time you will spend taking care of your plant.

    The male plant produces pollen sacks which, when ripe, burst and scatter pollen to the female plants. The female plant produces white hairs at the internodes and top cola (head) of the plant during flowering. These hairs (pistils) begin to curl slightly and grow longer and thicker. The top cola should carry the most pistils. These pistils are sticky too touch (do not touch them too much! they also contain your much wanted THC) and begin to cover in resin over the flowering period. The reason for the stickiness is that it is used by the female to catch falling pollen. If the female plant is not Pollinated she will try to grow more sticky areas. Hence the results of a sinsemilla crop Bigger and Better Buds!

    Figure 7.8 – Picture by BushyOlderGrower.

    During the strict cycle of 12/12 she will eventually reach a peak period of flowering. Along with the flowering cycle the plant will also fill out more. More leaves, more branches and more flowers. Your plant will start to almost take the shape of a Christmas tree. The lower fan leaves will be stretched out to the max in order to receive the most light. Running upward in a cone shape she will get tighter with floral and leaf development.

    During the peak period of flowering the female pistils on the flowers tips will swell up. When the swelling takes place the pistils will begin to change in colour. They will generally change from a white to an orange tint to a red tint to a brown tint. All strains are different but in general it is a white to red or a white to brown colour change (It is best to use the breeders recommended flowering times for harvest guidelines though). When she does this you are ready to harvest her and sample your favourite herb.

    Each strain does have their own flowering times and each strain also may have a different colour tint when they reach a flowering peak.

    We will talk more about harvesting in another chapter.

    By now you have managed to set up the basic environment in which your indoor plant will grow. You have your plants in some pots under a grow light with some

    Cannabis Pre-Flowers: Identify Sex of a Plant as Early as 3 Weeks Old (with pics!)

    Table of Contents

    • Leaf Sample Testing (Bonus) – Identify sex in just 1-3 weeks from germination
    • Male Pre-Flower Pics – Appears 3-4 weeks from germination
    • Female Pre-Flower Pics – Appears 4-6 weeks from germination

    Variability of Plant Sex (How to Increase Ratio of Female Plants)

    Example of Male and Female Cannabis Pre-Flowers

    The female plants will soon produce pistils. Wispy white hairs are a sure sign that you’re looking at female pre-flowers.

    How to Determine the Sex of a Young Cannabis Plant

    What are cannabis “pre-flowers?” They are little versions of adult flowers that appear on your marijuana plants relatively early in the vegetative stage.

    When I first started growing weed, I learned (incorrectly) that there is no way to determine a cannabis plant’s sex until the flowering stage. But I’ve since learned that pre-flowers can reveal the plant’s sex while it’s still in the vegetative stage! Cannabis plants grow pre-flowers as young as 3-4 weeks from germination for male plants, and 4-6 weeks from germination for female plants.

    Cannabis Pre-Flowers Are Small Versions of Adult Flowers. These reveal a plant’s sex.

    Knowing the plant’s sex is helpful because most hobbyist cannabis growers would like to identify and remove male plants from the grow room early in the growing process. This is because only female plants make potent buds/flowers, while male cannabis plants make non-potent pollen sacs where female plants would grow buds. Additionally, female buds need to avoid pollen from male plants in order to make the highest quality cannabis (sinsemilla or “no seeds”).

    Cannabis pre-flowers appear at the base of leaves when male plants are about 3-4 weeks old, and female plants are 4-6 weeks old.

    Even if you’re not 100% sure about every plant from looking at the pre-flowers, it’s nice to know which plants you need to watch closely and which are definitely female. However, if precision is very important…

    Chemical Leaf Tests Can Determine Sex & Potency for plants as young as 1-3 weeks

    Chemical leaf testing is getting less expensive every day and can be used on cannabis seedlings with just a few sets of leaves to test for sex and future potency.

    These tests only require a tiny amount of plant tissue (for example a small punch-out from a leaf, or a single cotyledon leaf), so it won’t hurt or slow down your seedlings to take a test sample!

    In general, the tests are available for seedlings as young as 1-3 weeks. Sex testing uses a real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) test, and potency tests use Gas Chromatography with a Flame Ionization Detector (GC/FID) or High-Pressure Liquid Chromatography with a Diode Array Detector (HPLC) for testing.

    Although testing can be done as early as week 1 from germination, waiting until week 3 to conduct testing on seedlings can increase accuracy, and some companies won’t conduct testing until week 3.

    There are many reasons growers would like to know plant sex as early as possible, as well as be able to estimate the overall THC/CBD ratios of future buds!

    Did You Know? There are Chemical Leaf Tests that Can Definitively Determine Both Plant Sex & Future Cannabinoid Ratios of Very Young Marijuana Seedlings!

    But for those of us using our eyes…

    Male Pre-Flower

    Female Pre-Flowers
    (these turn into buds)

    This female pre-flower hasn’t released a wispy white pistil quite yet

    When starting with “feminized” seeds (which you can usually only get from a breeder), all your seeds should end up being female, so determining male from female isn’t very important. Learn more about buying seeds (including feminized seeds) from breeders online.

    But for growers starting with “regular” (non-feminized) seeds, about half of the plants can turn out to be male. And unfortunately, there’s no way to look at a seed and be able to tell what sex it is.

    Unfortunately, you can’t tell a cannabis plant’s sex for sure by looking at the seeds 🙁

    How to Figure out Sex of a Cannabis Plant by Examining Pre-flowers

    Vegetating plants usually reveal their sex when they’re just 3-6 weeks old from seed, but you have to know where to look.

    What you’re looking for is “pre-flowers.” These are tiny versions of adult sex parts, and when you see them you can tell what sex the plant is going to be. They usually show up in the upper parts of the plant, closer to the lights, but sometimes you’ll search the whole plant and only find a pre-flower on a random branch lower down on the plant.

    Vegetating cannabis plants reveal their sex with “pre-flowers” that usually appear 3-6 weeks from when the plant first germinated.

    Although these are the general shapes of male and female pre-flowers, if you continue looking through the pictures below, you’ll see there’s quite a bit of variation on what pre-flowers look like from strain to strain.

    Most male plants have grown a pre-flower by week 3-4 from seed, while female plants don’t show until week 4-6. Basically, all vegetative plants will have revealed their sex by about the 6th week from seed.

    So, without further ado, here are pictures showing what you’re looking for when it comes to pre-flowers. Remember, pre-flowers are found at the V where stems meet a main stalk. But pre-flowers don’t usually show up all over the plant. Make sure to look around in different places, especially near the top of the plant and closer to the lights

    Note: Pre-flowers show up most often near the top of the plant and closer to the lights but could be anywhere on the plant. There may be just one on the whole plant so you may have to search all over!

    Male Pre-Flowers

    Male pre-flowers tend to have a “spade” shape, like the spades from a deck of playing cards. Male cannabis plants often (but not always) reveal their sex sooner than female plants.

    Male pre-flowers tend to be shaped somewhat like a spade

    This male plant was only 3 weeks when it made its first pre-flower. Notice how tiny it is compared to the giant-sized thumb! Often it’s unclear what the sex is when a pre-flower is this small (unless you’ve got a lot of experience) so if you’re not sure, it’s a good idea to wait and see how it develops, just in case.

    Just to give you an idea how small these can be when they show up…

    This is the exact same picture as above, but with the pre-flower made bigger so you can see it. Pretty tiny, isn’t it?

    Male pre-flowers are basically immature pollen sacs. When the plant starts flowering, they will grow and turn into bunches that almost look like grapes.

    I’ve also noticed that sometimes (though not always!) the stipules on male plants seem more “leafy” and less “pointy” than stipules on female plants (the stipules are the green hair-like growths near where pre-flowers show up). However, this is just a generality, and should be used together with other factors to determine if a plant is male! There are definitely male plants with pointy stipules and vice versa, but it’s sort of a general difference.

    This particular pre-flower is really tough to determine. However, in the end, it was a male plant. The little “stem” is one clue it may be male

    Just like the above male plant, sometimes you get almost what looks like two tiny little leaves that the pre-flower pollen sac “unfurls” from. In the above picture the pollen sac is still mostly hidden, while in this next picture, the tiny growths have opened up to fully reveal the pollen sac. This can be confusing because these extra growths don’t appear on all plants, and are not a pre-flower or a stipule.

    Here’s another male pollen sac pre-flower that’s on a little “stem”

    A single male pre-flower appears

    Once you see multiple pollen sacs and no white pistils, you can be confident it’s a male plant

    Although this plant ended up being male, the stipules are long, pointy and crossed as you’d normally see with a female plant. That’s why you need to confirm sex with the pre-flowers and not just look at other factors on the plant!

    Sometimes the pollen sacs look a little unusual when they first start growing in, but you know it’s male when you see several pre-flowers without any pistils stacked on top of each other like bunches of grapes

    If you click the following picture and zoom in close, you can see pollen sacs scattered among the leaves

    This is what male pollen sacs look like when the plant actually starts flowering

    This male cannabis plant has gotten further along in the flowering stage

    This is what a male plant looks like at maturity when it’s starting to spill its pollen

    Another example of pollen spilling onto a nearby leaf

    For those who’ve never seen a male cannabis plant in its full glory 🙂

    Ok, now that you know what male pre-flowers look like, what do female pre-flowers look like?

    Female Pre-Flowers

    Female pre-flowers tend to be longer and narrower than male pre-flowers, sometimes with a fat bottom. They also usually (but not always) have 1-2 white hairs (pistils) sticking out from the top. Sometimes it takes a few extra days for the pistils to appear.

    Wispy white pistils are a sure sign that you’re looking at female pre-flowers

    This pre-flower doesn’t have a pistil sticking out at first, but the shape helps tell you it’s a female plant. If you’re not sure about sex after spotting a pre-flower, it’s a good idea to wait and see for a little while, just to see if a white hair appears (which means it’s definitely a girl)

    Another example of female cannabis pre-flowers that haven’t revealed their pistil yet

    Here’s a picture that shows a pistil right as it’s emerging from the calyx!

    If the pre-flower is very pointy and thin like this one on the right, it is often a female pre-flower

    Some of the time the stipules (green hair-like growths near where pre-flowers show up) will cross each other on female plants. This certainly doesn’t always happen, as you can see from the pics of female pre-flowers on this page, but while girls can go either way, male plants rarely have stipules that cross each other. So although crossed stipules cannot be used definitively as a way to identify female plants, it can be a small clue to help guide you when you’re not sure. For example, the following female pre-flower doesn’t have a pistil, but the long thin shape combined with the crossed stipules help indicate that this plant is a girl. Whenever in doubt, wait a week and look again!

    This female plant has a long, thin calyx and crossed stipules, which are typical female plant features

    In this pic, you can see white pistils emerging from the calyxes. Female pistils are white and wispy, never green.

    Here’s another female pre-flower that doesn’t have a white hair yet, but you can tell it’s female because it’s long and narrow, instead of spade-shaped

    One last female pre-flower without a pistil yet. The long narrow shape is the only thing that gives the sex away until pistils begin to emerge

    Super close-up picture of a female cannabis pre-flower

    Female cannabis calyxes with pistils, under an LED grow light

    Did you know that pre-flowers/calyxes/flowers are actually what holds seeds if your plant gets pollinated? Once pollen touches the white pistils, the pollen gets delivered to the inside and a seed starts forming!

    Variability of Cannabis Plant Sex – How to Increase Ratio of Female Plants with Regular Seeds

    In fact, to this day scientists are still not sure exactly what causes certain plants to be one sex or another after sprouting. We’ve identified several factors that predict the overall likelihood of male/female plants (for example feminized seeds always produce female plants no matter what), but sex seems to be somewhat fluid in cannabis plants when they’re first germinated.

    Certain conditions such as excessive heat, stress, unusual light periods and nutrient problems can cause a greater percentage of plants to produce male flowers.

    You may be able to increase the percentage of female plants with regular seeds during the first few weeks of life

    On the flip side, the following factors may possibly increase the ratio of female plants with regular seeds (learn more):

    • Healthy Mom – Only grow seeds from a vigorous, healthy mother plant who never showed any signs of herming or male pollen sacs (seeds are more likely to grow pollen sacs if the mom plant had a tough start in life, or hermed during the flowering stage)
    • Cool Temperatures – Give seedlings slightly cool temperatures (65-75°F day and night) and avoid excessive heat
    • High Humidity (50-70% RH)
    • Short but not too short days. Keep consistent day and night periods with no light interruptions at night, and days should be 14-18 hours long (between 14/10 and 18/6) for the first few weeks
    • Blue light. Always start seeds under a vegetative grow light (something with plenty of blue like a Metal Halide or a 6500k CFL/T5/fluorescent)
    • Avoid Deficiencies – Make sure to provide plenty of Nitrogen and don’t let seedlings become nutrient-starved or run into other types of deficiencies
    • Prevent Stress, especially heat or light stress during the first few weeks
    • Happy Roots – Avoid over (and especially) under watering

    Once a cannabis plant is about 3 weeks old, its sex is pretty much completely set and can be determined either by visual inspection or by chemical leaf test.

    Unfortunately, due to the fact that different environmental conditions during the first part of life can alter the sex, you can’t look at seeds and definitively know one way or the other whether the plant will end up being female because even the plant doesn’t necessarily “know”.

    For example, say you take a clone of a seedling before it’s 3 weeks old. It’s possible that one clone will be male, and the other clone will be female. However, if you take a clone after week 3, the sexes of clones will always match each other. This is further evidence to indicate that the environment can affect sex expression in some cases.

    Learn how to find tiny pre-flowers at the base of each leaf to determine the sex of your plant in the vegetative stage (at only 3-6 weeks from germination)!

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    louisville marijuana

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    weed delivery in Louisville, KY

    Where to Buy Weed in Louisville, KY?

    Considering that Louisville hasn’t passed medical and recreational marijuana legislation, this would require the state’s legislature to establish medical and recreational cannabis laws, as well as pass laws concerning the cultivation, processing, and sale of hemp. There are numerous places where you can purchase it. However, you can hardly be sure in the quality of your weed. How to protect yourself and find the best price-quality deal without making too much efforts?

    Consider marijuana delivery: it is one of the easiest and most convenient ways to get high quality cannabis for a reasonable price. Potlala offers you more than just weed; this online service allows you to select best organic and licensed products with cannabis and to get them delivered discreet to your home or office.

    How to Get Weed in Louisville?

    With Potlala, you can get access to the wide variety of high-grade marijuana products available in Louisville, KY. Buy online to save time and avoid troubles!

    Important: Potlala does not deliver cannabis products to school, college or university-belonging territories or other public places that have appropriate restrictions.

    If it is your first order, you have a chance to get a special 10$ discount! Just use the code LOUISVILLEKYDISCOUNT during your checkout and get a price cut.

    Watch Out, There Is Low Quality Weed in Louisville!

    You cannot be sure in the quality of your cannabis unless you check the results of the independent lab testing. However, there are no licensed manufacturers in Louisville at the moment. When you purchase weed from them, you step on the thin ice.

    Potlala cooperates with brands that understand that quality is not something that can be compromised, so they are willing to pay for independent tests to gain the customer`s trust. Order delivery from Potlala and stay on the safe side!

    In order to become a customer, you only need to be 18 or older. There are no other restrictions except those, which regulate the way you get your cannabis experience: no use in public places, no driving afterwards, and keeping weed away from children and teenagers.

    Potlala offers weed delivery in Louisville, KY. Order weed online in Louisville, KY and get the best cannabis products delivered to you.

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    is hemp legal in wyoming

    Wyoming Marijuana Laws

    Updated September 2019

    Wyoming is among the states that are most resistant to the movement toward full legalization of marijuana in the United States. In July 2015, a bill authorizing the use of hemp extracts was passed, but little other progress has been made, and all forms of marijuana use and possession are still considered criminal acts. Learn more about Wyoming marijuana laws below.

    Recreational Marijuana in Wyoming

    Is marijuana legal in Wyoming. No. All levels of marijuana possession are illegal in Wyoming. The possession of 3 ounces or less is a misdemeanor, punishable by 12 months in prison and up to $1,000 in fines. Possession of more than 3 ounces is a felony, punishable by 5 years incarceration and a maximum fine of $10,000.

    Medical Marijuana in Wyoming

    Comprehensive medical marijuana has yet to be established in Wyoming. The Wyoming State Legislature passed House Bill 0032, which allows Wyoming residents diagnosed with intractable epilepsy to medically use hemp extract under the supervision of a Wyoming neurologist. A registration card must be renewed annually. The law, which took effect July 1, 2015, offers little benefit to the people of Wyoming. Not only is it limited to those diagnosed with epilepsy, but also hemp extracts are already federally legal to use and consume throughout the United States.

    An effort was made by advocates to prepare a medical marijuana ballot initiative, but the campaign failed to collect enough valid signatures.

    CBD Hemp Oil in Wyoming

    Hemp-derived CBD products are legal under Federal Law in the United States; however, individual state laws are dynamic and fluid. Individual states may enact their own laws governing hemp-derived CBD.

    Cultivation of Cannabis in Wyoming

    It is illegal to cultivate any amount of marijuana in Wyoming, despite whether it’s for commercial, research or personal use purposes.

    In 2017, the Wyoming Legislature passed House Bill 230, which allows farmers to grow and sell hemp for experimentation and research. The program is overseen by the Wyoming Department of Agriculture, which is currently drafting rules and regulations. Interested farmers will have to obtain a license from the Department of Agriculture.

    Legal Status of Other U.S. States

    Stay up to date on the latest state legislation, referendums, and public opinion polls. Our Marijuana Legalization Map allows you to browse the current status of medical and recreational marijuana laws in other U.S. states and territories.

    Sources

    • http://legisweb.state.wy.us/2015/Summaries/HB0032.pdf
    • http://www.wyomingnews.com/articles/2015/04/21/news/20local_04-21-15.txt#.Vd9aWSpVhBc
    • http://norml.org/laws/item/wyoming-penalties-2

    DISCLAIMER: The information contained in this website is for general information purposes only; it does not constitute legal advice. Although we endeavor to keep the information up to date and correct, we make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability or availability with respect to the website or the information, products, services, or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose. Therefore, any reliance you place on such information is strictly at your own risk.

    With more states legalizing the use of marijuana it can be hard to stay up to date on Wyoming marijuana laws. Click to learn more about marijuana laws in WY!

    A Bill Legalizing Hemp Farming In Wyoming Moves To Governor’s Desk

    The Wyoming legislature has passed a bill that makes it legal to grow hemp in Wyoming, and legalizes the sale of products made from hemp, including CBD oil.

    Scott McDonald with the Wyoming Department of Agriculture said, if the governor signs the bill, the state will have 30 days to present their plans to the federal government. But McDonald said the government shutdown put the feds behind schedule in their work to implement the 2018 Farm Bill that regulates hemp production, so, he’s not really sure when Wyoming farmers can start planting hemp seeds.

    “We were kind of hoping to get something in place this spring for this growing season,” McDonald said. “But we’re not sure that’s going to happen or not. There’s some uncertainty there, so it might be next year.”

    He said his agency now needs to develop a way to license growers, to test hemp crops to make sure they have less than 0.3 percent THC, and a plan for what to do with crops that have more than that.

    The passage of HB171 came as good news to Powell Economic Partnership Director Christine Bekes who encouraged lawmakers to pass it. She said Powell farmers are used to growing specialty crops and the mild climate there makes conditions ideal for growing hemp. She said the community also could use an economic bump.

    “In my line of work, I’ve had so many conversations with potential processors, investors. But there are many very credible conversations that have come to the table now, looking for private investment opportunities. And, as you know, hemp has 25,000 uses, so that value added component is quite broad,” Bekes said.

    The Wyoming legislature has passed a bill that makes it legal to grow hemp in Wyoming, and legalizes the sale of products made from hemp, including CBD oil

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    limitless cbd

    Limitless CBD Oil (1500mg CBD) Review

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    Sign Up for Exclusive CBD Discount Coupons

    Made with 100% Organic Industrial Hemp, Limitless CBD’s 1500mg tincture is one of the most popular ways to enjoy the benefits of cannabinoids. This product is great for customers looking for a natural remedy for anxiety, joint pains or simply a general boost of health and well-being. At 50mg of pure CBD per milliliter, this is a highly concentrated extract that ensures fast and effective results.

    Limitless CBD’s tincture is made using the highest quality hemp grown organically in the United States. Backed by third-party laboratory tests, this product is completely free of THC and offers a maximum effectivity when taken sublingually.

    CBD Product
    Limitless CBD 1500mg CBD Oil

    Find out more about the ” Limitless CBD “

    Taste and Scent
    This product contains no artificial flavors or scents and maintains the natural, oily taste of hemp.

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    Hemp Seed Oil, 99% Pure CBD Crystalline Isolate

    Any THC in this Product
    This CBD Oil is entirely free of THC.

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    This hemp extract comes in convenient 30ml bottles with screw on droppers and informative labels. Each unit contains information regarding usage and storage recommendations, warnings and additional product data.

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    100% Industrial Hemp.

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    Place 1-3 drops of hemp oil under your tongue and wait for 10 seconds before swallowing. Use once or twice daily.

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    This product is made using a CO2 extraction technique that maintains all the nutrients and healing properties of hemp intact.

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    Limitless CBD’s website contains useful information and details about the company’s merchandise. On the “Learn” tab, there is a page where customers can download the third-party lab tests of all products. At the bottom-right of the page there is a live-chat window available for additional enquiries.

    Limitless CBD’s Hemp Oil is a basic product that provides natural healing and pain relief at a very attractive price. Organically grown and domestically sourced, this extract contains no GMO, pesticides or harmful chemicals.

    Ohio issues public health alert for CBD products from Avon company

    The state law that legalized industrial hemp and CBD products states the Ohio Department of Agriculture oversees regulation of the industry. (Staten Island Advance/ Alexandra Salmieri)

    COLUMBUS, Ohio – The Ohio Department of Agriculture, which regulates hemp and CBD products in the state, has issued a public health warning for all Limitless CBD LLC products, saying they were made without a state license.

    Although there have been no reports of illness involving Limitless’ cannabidiol, or CBD, products, the state regulators say they were produced without a license and outside of Ohio Department of Agriculture inspection, which is required under the year-old state law allowing for the cultivation of industrial hemp and CBD products.

    The Department of Agriculture is encouraging anyone who has any Limitless products to discard them.

    The company, which produces CBD oil in Avon and has sales offices in Cleveland, has made its products for sale on the internet, and for gas stations and convenience stores, and doesn’t have a storefront, said Will Norman, general counsel for Limitless CBD.

    The company also purchases CBD products from other companies and sells them.

    Norman called the incident a misunderstanding.

    Norman said the company has begun the process of applying for a license from the Department of Agriculture to process hemp to CBD oil.

    “We are very close to getting our license,” he said. “We have a beautiful facility. It’s safe, it’s clean. We will have our license soon.”

    The Department of Agriculture received a telephone complaint on Aug. 20 from someone saying Limitless CBD was producing hemp products without a license.

    “ODA made several attempts to contact Limitless without a return call,” said department spokeswoman Shelby Croft. “Eventually, an attorney representing Limitless CBD made contact with ODA and confirmed the company was manufacturing hemp products.”

    A department inspector visited the manufacturing facility Aug. 27 and banned the sale of its finished products, Croft said.

    It’s the first time the department has issued a hemp product warning. Typically, Croft said, the state doesn’t have to issue warnings because companies recall their products on their own.

    “Limitless CBD elected not to issue a voluntary recall,” Croft said.

    CBD products have been popular in recent years, with champions saying its chemical compounds contain medicinal properties.

    Hemp, closely related to marijuana, is the plant from which CBD is derived. State law specifies that the hemp plants and CBD oils cannot contain more than 0.3% of THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, which produces the high in marijuana.

    Ohio issues public health alert for CBD products from Avon company The state law that legalized industrial hemp and CBD products states the Ohio Department of Agriculture oversees regulation of