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Is CBD oil legal in Kansas?

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Contents

  1. What is CBD?
  2. Why is CBD sometimes illegal?
  3. Kansas CBD laws
  4. Licensing requirements for CBD
  5. Where to buy CBD in Kansas
  6. How to read CBD labels and packaging

Yes, but cannabidiol (CBD) oil must be produced from hemp licensed by the state and contain no THC, under the terms of a 2018 law.

When the 2018 Farm Bill became law, it redefined hemp as an agricultural commodity and removed CBD and hemp products from their former status as a Schedule 1 substance. While this step was a significant step toward cannabis legalization, the Farm Bill caused confusion at the state level, particularly for Kansas residents who had limited access to CBD products before the law was enacted.

Kansas has its own Industrial Hemp Pilot Program, which the Farm Bill helps support. Kansas consumers still can purchase CBD products but they must meet strict requirements while the Kansas Department of Agriculture (KDA) drafts additional rules for a regulated hemp industry.

What is CBD?

CBD is a cannabinoid found in cannabis and the second-most-abundant compound in the plant after THC. A non-intoxicating substance, CBD shows potential therapeutic benefits including anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-anxiety, and seizure-suppression properties. CBD can be derived from the hemp and marijuana plant.

Why is CBD sometimes illegal?

Even though industrial hemp doesn’t produce enough THC to intoxicate consumers, all varieties of cannabis, including hemp, were swept into the category of Schedule 1 under the 1970 Federal Controlled Substances Act. The law defined cannabis as a substance with no accepted medical use, a likelihood for addiction, and a high potential for abuse.

In 2018, Congress passed the Farm Bill and legalized hemp cultivation by removing it from Schedule 1. The Farm Bill defined hemp as cannabis that contains less than 0.3% THC by weight and marijuana as cannabis with more than 0.3% THC. Hemp-derived CBD was thus removed from its Schedule 1 designation, but CBD derived from the marijuana plant is still considered federally illegal because of marijuana’s federally illegal status. Hemp is considered an agricultural commodity, but still must be produced and sold under specific federal regulations, which were not finalized when hemp was legalized.

The Farm Bill also endowed the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) with the ability to regulate CBD’s labeling, therapeutic claims, and presence in foods or drinks. Despite the Farm Bill’s passage, the FDA has issued a directive that no CBD, even hemp-derived, may be added to food or beverages or marketed as a dietary supplement. The FDA has begun re-evaluating that stance on CBD products but has yet to revise rules or specifically regulate CBD products.

A bottle of CBD oil. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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The FDA’s slow movement has created further confusion on the state level. The FDA has historically been strict when it comes to health claims or content that could be understood as medical advice — and makes no exception for CBD.

Hemp production and sale, including its cannabinoids and CBD specifically, remain tightly regulated federally. The Farm Bill provides that individual states may also regulate and even prohibit CBD cultivation and commerce. States may attempt to regulate CBD in food, beverage, dietary supplements, and cosmetic products independently of the FDA’s rules. Kansas has an existing industrial hemp pilot program and is in the early phases of drafting hemp regulations to be submitted to the USDA for approval.

Kansas CBD laws

In April 2018, Republican Gov. Jeff Colyer signed SB 263 into law, known as the Alternative Crop Research Act. This law came about in the wake of the 2014 Farm Bill, which allowed states to launch independent pilot programs to research the viability of hemp as a crop. The KDA launched the program in partnership with Kansas’ public universities to license farmers to grow hemp that contained no more than 0.3% THC. The KDA published regulations for the Industrial Hemp Research Program on February 8, 2019.

Shortly after SB 263 passed, Colyer also signed SB 282 on May 24, 2018, which amended the definition of marijuana to exempt CBD. The law broadly legalized Kansas CBD products, but the requirement that they contain zero THC has complicated access to CBD because most products contain at least trace amounts of THC.

On May 21, 2019, Democratic Gov. Laura Kelly signed SB 28 into law, also known as Claire and Lola’s Law, which prohibits child removal or child protection actions by providing an affirmative defense for parents or children who possess physician-recommended medical cannabis oil. The cannabis oil can contain no more than 5% THC and must have a lab test to prove its cannabinoid content. However, cannabis oil with any amount of THC cannot be purchased in Kansas, so patients currently have no access to cannabis for medical use.

After the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill, Kelly signed HB 2167 into law, which legalized the creation of a Kansas Industrial Hemp Program. To date, the only acceptable CBD products are those that have zero THC and all hemp cultivation must be licensed by the KDA.

Licensing requirements for CBD

The KDA oversees and licenses participants in the Industrial Hemp Pilot Program, including research distributors, growers, and processors. Applicants undergo comprehensive background checks to enroll in the program and must pay a non-refundable $200 application fee before their license is approved. Individuals convicted of felonies involving controlled substances are ineligible for participation.

The KDA is drafting regulations for the Kansas Industrial Hemp Program.

Testing requirements

All CBD products sold in Kansas must be labeled by the manufacturer and seller to include a list and description of all contents, statement of CBD purity, and a warning that the consumption of CBD could be hazardous to the user’s health.

CBD oil usually comes with a dropper to allow consumers and patients to measure out their dose. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

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Participants in the Industrial Hemp Research Program must pay $47 per hour for an initial sample collection, and a testing fee of $250 for each lab test. The test is to determine the THC content in the crop. If the sample contains more than 0.3% THC per weight, the plants in the growing area must be destroyed.

Sale regulations

There are no sale requirements for CBD that match Kansas’ legal definition of zero THC.

The conviction for sales of cannabis that contains any THC is a felony punished by tiers of fines and/or incarceration. The sale of fewer than 25 grams, or 0.88 ounces, can carry a sentence of up to 51 months in prison and a $300,000 fine. The sale of 25-449 grams, or 0.88 ounces to 1 pound, carries a sentence up to 83 months in prison and a $300,000 fine. The sale of 450 grams to 30 kilograms, or 1 to 66 pounds, is punishable by up to 12 years in prison and $500,000 in fines. The sale of any amount greater than 30 kilograms, or 66 pounds, can earn up to 17 years in prison and a fine of up to $500,000.

The sale of any amount of cannabis near a school can earn up to seven years in prison and a $300,000 fine.

Cultivation requirements

The cultivation of any hemp or cannabis is illegal outside of participation in the Kansas Industrial Hemp Program.

The cultivation of 4-50 plants is a felony, earning up to 83 months incarceration and up to $300,000 in fines. Anywhere 50-100 plants can earn up to 83 months in prison and a $300,000 fine, and any amount greater than 100 plants earns up to 204 months in prison and a $500,000 fine.

Kansas CBD possession limits

Kansas CBD laws permit citizens to purchase and possess CBD products that contain zero THC. CBD products can be sold as oils, powders, pills, and lotions. It is a crime to possess any amount of cannabis with trace amounts of THC beside CBD, though state legislators have relaxed possession penalties in recent years.

The possession of any amount of cannabis is a misdemeanor, punishable by either a fine of up to $1,000 and six months in jail. Subsequent offenses are felonies, punishable by up to 3 1/2 years in prison with potential fines up to $100,000. Possession with intent to distribute comes with more severe criminal penalties.

Where to buy CBD in Kansas

Kansas consumers can purchase CBD products at brick-and-mortar shops and through online retailers. Typically, Kansas citizens will find CBD products at specialty retailers and health and wellness grocers or pharmacies.

Kansas buyers also can purchase CBD products online, typically through a specific retailer’s website. However, some merchant processing companies consider CBD a restricted business and don’t support its sale. Confirm which checkout system a retailer uses before purchasing CBD online.

How to read CBD labels and packaging

Some companies are taking advantage of the FDA’s slow pace to issue regulatory requirements and are labeling their products with buzzwords such as “natural” or health claims. How a product is marketed and labeled is important in determining its legality in Kansas or nationally. CBD products making any health claims or promising medical benefits violate FDA rules.

Kansas law stipulates that CBD products should clearly show a list and description of all contents, statement of CBD purity, and a warning that the consumption of CBD could be hazardous to the user’s health. CBD products must also clearly state what kind of CBD is used because only broad-spectrum CBD (extract with THC removed) and CBD isolate (pure CBD powder) contain no traces of THC. Full-spectrum CBD oil contains trace amounts of cannabinoids and therefore is illegal in Kansas.

Kansas consumers should check for the following on CBD product labels:

  • Broad-spectrum, or isolate
  • Amount of active CBD per serving
  • Net weight
  • Suggested use
  • Supplemental Facts label, including other ingredients
  • Manufacturer/distributor name
  • Batch or date code

Is CBD oil legal in Kansas? Copy article link to clipboard. Link copied to clipboard. Contents What is CBD? Why is CBD sometimes illegal? Kansas CBD laws Licensing

LEARN | LAWS & REGULATIONS

Kansas

Is weed legal In Kansas?

No. In Kansas, marijuana for any purpose is illegal.

Only CBD with 0% THC is legal in the state. Kansas law places no restrictions on where CBD can be consumed but it may not be smoked or vaporized in flower form, as many cannabis consumption accessories are criminalized as drug paraphernalia.

Patients or parents of minor patients with debilitating medical conditions who possess CBD oil with less than 5% THC can avoid criminal conviction with a letter from their physician. But they can still be arrested, charged, and taken to court.

Possession of even small, personal amounts of marijuana is a Class B misdemeanor punishable by up to six months in prison and a $1,000 fine for the first offense.

Legislation history

Before the 2018 legislative session, Kansas was one of the strictest states in the US when it came to prohibiting cannabis. Kansas first banned marijuana in 1927, as most states west of the Mississippi River did. Since then, Kansas has barely changed its stance on the plant.

On April 20, 2018, Gov. Jeff Colyer signed into law SB 263, also known as the Alternative Crop Research Act . The act instructed the Kansas Department of Agriculture (KDA) to launch a program, in collaboration with Kansas’ public universities, investigating the viability of industrial hemp, defined as cannabis with no more than 0.3% THC content.

Shortly after, on May 24, 2018, Colyer signed SB 282 , which explicitly amended the legal definition of marijuana to exempt cannabidiol (CBD), thus legalizing broad access to CBD products so long as they contain zero THC.

Gov. Laura Kelly signed SB 28, Claire and Lola’s Law , in 2019. It provided an “affirmative defense” for patients and parents or guardians of patients who possess and use CBD oil with less than 5% THC. An affirmative defense is usually presented in a trial, meaning the person can still be arrested, charged, and held while awaiting trial.

In order to claim the defense, the patient or parent/guardian must have with them at the time of arrest a letter from a doctor licensed in Kansas that states the patient’s “debilitating medical condition.” The letter must be on the doctor’s letterhead and dated within the last 15 months. The law did not include a list of conditions but stipulated a medically diagnosed disease or condition that impairs strength or function, including seizures.

FAQ

What drugs are legal in Kansas?

That’s a very broad question. CBD with 0% THC is legal for anyone and CBD with less than 5% THC is legal for qualified patients and caregivers. The state’s schedules of controlled substances provide more detailed information on the regulation of drugs in Kansas. Marijuana is definitely illegal though.

Is being high in Kansas illegal?

It depends on what you mean by being high. Possession of any amount of cannabis or drug paraphernalia is illegal in Kansas. Driving while under the influence, or high, is illegal. For a deeper dive into Kansas law, start here .

Is Kansas a no-tolerance state?

There’s no set definition for the term “no tolerance.” Though there are very clear consequences for drug-related crimes in Kansas. For example, Kansas law states that operating or attempting to operate any vehicle while under the influence of any drug or combination of drugs that makes you unable to operate the vehicle safely constitutes a DUI. The first conviction for this offense is a class B misdemeanor, which carries a sentence of 48 consecutive hours to six months imprisonment (or 100 hours of community service) and a fine of $750 to $1,000.

When will marijuana be legal in Kansas?

While we can’t predict the future, we know that Kansas citizens cannot petition to have a vote on legalization added to the ballot. Only the state legislature can legalize marijuana by passing bills in both the House and Senate. Then the governor would have to sign it, veto it, or let it pass without signing. Several medical marijuana bills, the usual starting point for legalization, have been proposed in the last few years but none have made it through. The current governor, Laura Kelly, has expressed her support for legalizing medical marijuana but the legislature has to put a bill in front of her first.

What is the penalty for marijuana in Kansas?

Possession of even small, personal amounts of marijuana is a Class B misdemeanor punishable by up to six months in prison and a $1,000 fine for the first offense.

What Kansas City clinics prescribe medical marijuana medical cards?

Kansas does not have medical marijuana cards because it’s illegal in Kansas. CBD oil with 0% THC is legal and available to anyone. Patients (or parents/guardians of minor patients) with a letter from their doctor confirming their diagnoses with a debilitating medical condition have a legal defense for possessing CBD oil with less than 5% THC but the state makes no provisions for purchasing said oil.

Where does Kansas stand on medical marijuana?

Several medical marijuana bills have been proposed in the last few years but none have made it through the state legislature, the state’s only route for legalization. Current governor Laura Kelly has expressed her support for medical marijuana but the legislature has to put a bill in front of her first. As the law currently stands, medical marijuana is illegal in Kansas.

This page was last updated October 23, 2020.

View the marijuana laws & regulations for Kansas.