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Cannabis and the border

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Entering Canada

Cannabis is legal for adults in Canada. However, it is still illegal to transport cannabis and all products containing cannabis (including products containing CBD) across the Canadian border:

  • no matter how much cannabis you have with you
  • even if you are authorized to use cannabis for medical purposes in any form, including CBD
  • even if you are travelling to or from an area where cannabis has been legalized or decriminalized

If you are entering Canada and you have cannabis with you in any form, you must declare it to the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA).

Not declaring cannabis in your possession at the Canadian border is a serious criminal offence. Additionally, receiving or sending cannabis in any form into or out of Canada by mail or courier is also illegal. Unauthorized purchases from outside Canada (online or other) will be confiscated at the border. You could be arrested and prosecuted.

Leaving Canada

It is illegal to take cannabis across the Canadian border, whether you are entering or leaving the country. You could be charged with a criminal offence if you try to travel to other countries with any amount of cannabis in your possession. This includes edible cannabis, cannabis topicals and cannabis extracts, as well as products containing CBD. This applies to all countries, whether cannabis is legal there or not.

Cannabis is illegal in most countries. If you try to travel internationally with any amount of cannabis, including CBD products, in your possession, you could face serious criminal penalties both at home and abroad. You could be denied entry at your destination country if you have previously used cannabis or any substance prohibited by local laws. You could also be denied entry to other countries in the future.

Canadians travelling to the U.S. for reasons related to the cannabis industry may be denied entry.

It is your responsibility to inform yourself about the laws of the country you intend to visit. This includes the legal status of cannabis use and possession in any country you may travel to.

Travelling with cannabis within Canada

When you are travelling within Canada, if you meet the minimum age requirement of the province or territory you are in, you may possess up to 30 grams of dried cannabis or the equivalent.

You are responsible for learning the laws of the province or territory you are going to visit. If you use cannabis, follow the laws in that jurisdiction.

What you need to know about crossing the border with cannabis, travelling abroad with cannabis and bringing cannabis into Canada.

Old Hemp

Old Hemp, a tricolor dog, was born in Northumberland in September 1893 and died in May 1901. He was bred by Adam Telfer from Roy, a black and tan dog, and Meg, a black-coated, strong-eyed dog. Hemp was a quiet, powerful dog to which sheep responded easily. He served as the model for the Border Collie exterior.

The Telfer family were all involved in sheepdogs and sheepdog trialling. Walter, Adam’s father, won the first sheepdog trial held in England in 1876. Adam was born in 1859 in Redesdale, Northumberland and was a hired shepherd and later a farmer. His sons, Adam, Walter, and Jack were also shepherds or farmers, and Adam Telfer, Jr. was also a sheepdog triallist.

Old Hemp’s big influence on the breed was caused by his sensational appearance at trials. Since he started trials at the age of one, he never lost one. Old Hemp had a formidable ability to read sheep, and finished every course apparently without any difficulty. The reticent Scots apparently described him as ‘bluidy marvellous’.

Hemp’s working style became the Border Collie style.

“Hemp obviously came too soon for the Nationals and International, as the ISDS was not formed until 1906, three years after Hemp’s death; but much is said about his working capability and his ability to pass it on to his descentants.”

Actually, it was quite surprising that Old Hemp was this talented. His father, Roy, was a nice dog, but did not possess special talent for herding sheep. His mother, Meg, on the contrary was such an intense worker that she hypnotised herself instead of the sheep. Thus Old Hemp was a typical example of a dog inheriting all the good characteristics of its parents without being burdened by their bad habits.

Halsall calls Hemp a “sheepdog genius” who became the premiere stud dog in the Borders, but he goes on to say that without Telfer, a man dedicated to the improvement of the working collie and one who knew how to go about it, there would have been no Hemp and consequently none of his progeny. It was Hemp’s progeny that went on to affect the breed for generations in Britain as well as abroad, through his grandsons, Sweep and Herdman’s Tommy.

Sheila Grew, in her book Key Dogs From the Border Collie Family Volume II (1985 Payne Essex, Ltd.), says “Old Hemp is considered the progenitor of the Border Collie breed. The reason he isn’t number 1 in the stud book of the International Sheep Dog Society is that he was added after the book began and early numbers were already given out.”

Grew goes on to say that Adam Telfer “was not just a great breeder, he was also an expert trainer and handler, and seemed to have a great understanding of his dogs and their behavior.”

Telfer won the International Championship twice, once with Sweep, a grandson of Old Hemp, who himself won the International twice, in 1910 with Telfer and 1912 with Thomas Armstrong.

In fact, Grew tells us, “Of the first 29 winners of the International Championships after 1906, all, with only one or two exceptions, carried the blood of Hemp on one or both sides of [their] breeding.”

All pure Border Collies alive today can trace an ancestral line back to Old Hemp.

During the eight years of his life, Old Hemp was a very popular stud dog, supposedly he fathered more than 200 dogs and an unknown number of bitches. A scary high number of offspring, and thus most current Border Collies are somehow descendants of Old Hemp. A factor adding to the success of Old Hemp as stud dog is the fact he passed on his characteristics to his offspring very well. Many of them became successful.

Although the generations have diluted the effect of Old Hemp’s genes on the much larger population of Border Collies being born today, Old Hemp, a shining example of the breed, will always be remembered as the father of the Border Collie breed.

Old Hemp, a tricolor dog, was born in Northumberland in September 1893 and died in May 1901. He was bred by Adam Telfer from Roy, a black and tan dog, and Meg, a black-coated, strong-eyed dog. Hemp was a quiet, powerful dog to which sheep responded easily. He served as the model for the Border… ]]>