Fusing Weed Plants: Grafting Cannabis At Home to Expand Your Garden
Grafting is an ancient practice within horticulture communities that is, essentially, the process of fusing two plants to create a single plant with traits of both. But how can grafting be beneficial to cannabis growers? It turns out that grafting cannabis is one of the best ways to experiment with cannabis and optimize your gardening experience. In this article, we will explain how exactly you can implement grafting in your growing practice to grow several plants in one. That’s some kind of magic!
Defining The Practice Of Grafting
Grafting is the practice of allowing multiple plants to grow from one singular mother plant. This is done by taking the upper part of one plant and fusing it with another plant. Anything above where the two plants come together (the grafting line) is known as the scion, and everything below the grafting line is referred to as the rootstock. Grafting is a common horticultural practice whose techniques can be used to heavily benefit cannabis cultivators.
Why Should I Consider Grafting Cannabis?
There are many reasons why you should consider grafting cannabis. It helps to strengthen plants by breeding the best traits, and it also saves space by allowing multiple strains to grow from the same mother, among numerous other benefits.
One Rootstock, Multiple Strains
One of the best reasons to start grafting marijuana plants is to grow multiple strains on one plant. If you’re from a place where there are restrictions on how many plants you can grow or how much space is allowed to grow cannabis, grafting is the answer. You can take a scion of any plant of your choice and graft it to a healthy, reliable rootstock. This will guarantee your scion will flourish, and you will be able to grow multiple strains out of one singular rootstock.
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Save Space & Optimize Pollination
Because cannabis is not self-pollinating, female plants require male plants to pollinate them in order to produce seeds. Not all cannabis growers can afford the space to keep multiple male and female plants in close range of each other, but grafting marijuana is a great solution for this. Through grafting two different plants together, one male and one female, you can have a male and female plant growing together out of the same rootstock, saving space while simultaneously guaranteeing pollination.
Select The Best Traits From Rootstocks
If you’ve ever had a plant that just grows really well and seems impervious to all harm, you may have wondered how to give some of those traits to your weaker plants. Again, grafting is your solution! If you have a plant that’s resistant to mold, disease or pests, grafting scions onto this rootstock is a surefire way to protect weaker plants and gift those beneficial traits to new plants of those scions.
Grafting Cannabis Is An Alternative To Cloning
Grafting cannabis can in many ways be seen as a different method of cloning plants. Cloning can be a strenuous process for your plants, and some of them cannot handle the cloning process at all. Sometimes, all you really need is a stronger base to help hard-to-clone plants thrive. Taking weak scions and fusing them with a strong rootstock will allow these cuttings to grow without the need to propagate them.
Use Scions To Repair Roots
Grafting marijuana is an excellent method to know if you ever need to repair plants that have taken damage. Harsh conditions, especially for outdoor cultivators, can cause cannabis plants to develop root damage, which normally leads to the plant dying soon after. However, with grafting, you can take a scion of the plant and fuse it with a healthy rootstock, prolonging the life of the plant despite its root damage.
Use Grafting To Try New Strains
Grafting cannabis allows cultivators to experiment with growing new strains they might not be familiar with. This is because grafting enables cannabis growers to grow multiple strains from a singular rootstock, which is excellent for those who may want to try several new strains at once but don’t want to commit to nurturing an entirely new plant they’re unfamiliar with, or just don’t have enough space for several adult plants. Growers can take a clone or seedling and use it as a scion to graft onto a larger rootstock, just to try out a new strain.
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The Key To Successfully Grafting Cannabis Plants
Grafting marijuana plants is quite tricky, so it’s important to have an idea of what your plants will need from you in terms of environment, as well as how much time they’ll need. Nurturing and patience are both key factors here.
Have The Correct Environment
Because grafting two different plants together is a strenuous task for your cannabis, you will need to keep your plants on a 24-hour on/0-hour off lighting schedule. Scions require a lot of light to flourish and will wither and die when kept in the dark. This is why it’s important to practice grafting indoors before moving plants outside. In regard to temperature and humidity, your normal levels should do just fine.
Give Your Plants Enough Time
Grafting cannabis is not an easy task, and it will take your plants some time to fully take on a new scion. Grafting larger, older cannabis plants will take longer, as the full plant has had more time to mature; using young, smaller plants will be much faster if you’re looking for quicker results. In total, the time it takes for the grafting process to be complete is about 2 weeks.
Risks Of Grafting Cannabis
As you can probably see by now, grafting is not the simplest method of propagation and can be very stressful on your plants. This is why it’s important that you abide by the correct environmental requirements for your plants. It’s also important to only graft together strains that have similar flowering cycles. A scion and a rootstock with drastically different schedules can cause nutrient deficiencies, as they will be at different stages of life at different times, which can also result in a smaller yield.
Learn How To Graft Cannabis Plants
Now that you know everything there is to know about why you should graft cannabis plants, it’s time to learn exactly how to graft cannabis plants together. If you take this process step by step, you should have no problems at all!
The method we’ll be describing is the simplest method of grafting, called the Whip Grafting Method. You will need:
- A pair of gardening shears
- A sharp razor blade
- A cutting board
- A glass of water
- Vegetative nutrient solution in a spray bottle (pH 6)
- Grafting tape or plumber’s tape
- Gardening wire
- A plastic bag with a seal
Step One: First, select a healthy scion from the cannabis plant you wish to graft and a healthy rootstock plant. Make sure the width of the rootstock and the scion are similar; this will encourage successful grafting.
Step Two: Second, you will need to trim the foliage on your scion and your rootstock. On your scion, remove the majority of the foliage from the stem, leaving just a few leaves at the tip. On the rootstock, remove the foliage below where you intend to graft.
Step Three: This is where you will cut your scion. Once you’ve selected and trimmed your scion, use your gardening shears to cut the branch off of the plant. Transfer your scion to your cutting board and make a diagonal incision at the scion’s base. Once this is done, transfer the scion to a glass of water.
Step Four: Now we move on to the rootstock. Take your garden shears and cut just above your intended grafting line. Use your razor blade to make a diagonal cut in the rootstock, similar to the one you made for the scion.
Step Five: Moving rather quickly, as you don’t want the insides of your plants exposed to air, give your scion and rootstock a quick spritz of nutrient solution and attach the scion to the rootstock. Make sure your scion and rootstock are lined up as perfectly as possible, giving them each enough surface area to connect.
Step Six: Once your scion and rootstock are lined up, use your tape to bind them together. Start with a small piece of tape to hold things together and then wrap the small piece with a larger piece to block out any airflow or sunlight.
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Step Seven: Reinforce the tape with some gardening wire in a crisscross formation. Start crossing the wire above the graft site and end a little below the graft site. This will give your plant stability.
Step Eight: Once your grafting site has been secured, take a plastic bag and spray the nutrient solution inside it. Wrap the bag around the grafted branch and seal it almost completely, leaving a little bit of space for airflow – just make sure the bag doesn’t come into contact with the foliage at the tip of your scion.
Step Nine: As a final note, the tape should be removed after a couple of days, or once the grafting fusion has been successful. Keep an eye on your plant to make sure it is thriving.
Start Grafting Cannabis Today
Grafting cannabis may seem like a complicated practice reserved for experienced horticulturalists, but with enough practice, even an amateur gardener can successfully graft plants together. Grafting is an excellent practice for those who want to preserve the best traits of their favorite plants, or who want to grow either something familiar or something new while also preserving space in the garden. There are few downsides to grafting cannabis plants, and mastering this technique will bring nothing but benefits.Grafting cannabis may seem complicated, but with enough practice, even an amateur gardener can successfully graft plants together. In this article, we will explain how exactly you can implement grafting
How to Graft Your Cannabis Plant
Grafting is basically nature’s hack for growing many different strains of marijuana without having to compromise on growing space. This method is for those experienced growers out there who are looking to experiment with their plants and growing multiple strains on one tree, while maintaining the genetic integrity of the strains. Read more to find out about grafting cannabis.
Grafting cannabis, although it is not an extremely popular growing method, is one of the coolest ways to grow marijuana, because it allows you to grow several strains of the same plant, while keeping all the genetics pure. The grafting method itself is quite ancient, and it has been used in history to join two different plants together to be able to grow different fruits or flowers from what is essentially the same stick.
So what are the reasons for grafting cannabis and using cannabis cuttings?
There are real benefits to this growing method, especially if you are keen to try a lot of different strains and don’t have the room to do so. This process allows you to grow a single branch of a strain of bud before committing to growing an entire plant of it. Therefore, grafting is especially valuable when there is a strain that doesn’t have an enormous yield, and you’re looking to use cannabis cuttings to test it out before having an entire plant.
It also pays to use cannabis cuttings if you live in an area where it is illegal to have above a certain number of plants. This gives you the freedom to grow several different strains without having a high count of plants. This is also a desired way to grow for those who don’t have a lot of space, because you can try several different strains while only using the space of a single plant.
Grafting techniques are a lot like cloning
If you’re familiar with cloning techniques, then grafting is going to be relatively easy for you. The techniques for grafting marijuana are a lot like the cloning techniques used with other plants, such as cloning tomatoes. It is quite a delicate process, and your plants will need a lot of attention during this time, so be sure to have everything you need before beginning the grafting process to ensure the most stable environmental conditions.
What you’re going to need:
- Sharp, clean scissors. Brand new ones are going to work the best for this process
- A scalpel
- A small-sized, lightweight, zip lock bag
- A spray bottle that you’ve filled with a full spectrum vegetative nutrient solution, pH of 6. Having a slightly alkaline solution helps to avoid the problem of damaging your grafts with too much acidity.
- 110 Watts of fluorescent T5 illumination for lighting. They are nice and soft.
- A clean surface for cutting onto
- Grafting tape
Sustainable Cannabis Use: How to Use Your Whole Plant
What you’re going to do:
Firstly, make sure that all of your plants are in vegetation. You should use the most sturdy plant as the mother to your grafts. The more branches it has, the more space you are going to have for grafting. It also helps if it is a mother plant that is easy to grow, because you need to be able to see this plant right through to harvest for your project to be successful. Finally, have everything you need ready to go and have a general idea of what you have to do before you begin. This process needs to be done quickly and efficiently in order to achieve the best results. Make sure your branches don’t dry out!
Choose which branches you are going to be grafting first. That means knowing which ones you will remove from your mother plant and which ones you will be donating from other plants. Start at the bottom of the mother plant and work your way up. With your grafting clip, put it about 2 cm from the base of the first branch and secure it. From here you will cut the branch. You can use the branches you cut off as clones for other plants if you choose, or it can simply be composted for your garden. Then use your scalpel to slice the branch straight down the middle about 1.5 cm down the stem. Before and after you make any cuts or incisions to the branches, it is a good idea to spray the spot with your nutrient solution. Don’t leave too large a time frame between spraying the location and actually cutting it.
With your donor plant ready to cut, try to remove as much leafy plant material as possible from the base of the stem that you are going to be attaching to the mother plant. When you are cutting it, cut it from both sides so that you form a sharp point that is about 1.5 cm long. This is as long as the incision you made in the mother plant. Work quickly here so that neither of your plants dry out in the interim. Remember to keep spraying your plants! It also helps if you spray the scalpel and scissors before making incisions. Carefully put your clone cutting with the pointy side in the incision made on the mother plant, and move the grafting clip so that it is securing the two plants in place. For good measure, give your plant another spray.
Now what you are going to do is create a moist, warm, and consistent growing environment for your grafted plant. Spray the nutrient solution inside the zip lock bag and secure it around the branch you just grafted on. Ensure that the bag is not touching any of the branches or plant material. The purpose of this is to retain moisture and heat, therefore creating humidity. So the bag does not have to be entirely sealed, just enough to create this kind of microclimate. Remove the bag every day and reapply the spray before putting it back on, again ensuring that the bag doesn’t touch any of the leaves.
It will take about two weeks for the plant to form a knuckle where the two branches have been joined. This means you have been successful at using cannabis cuttings and grafting them onto a mother plant. This will not have any effect on the genetics of the other plant, and both will continue to grow with their own individual characteristics. You can repeat this process with as many grafts as you can successfully get onto your plant!
Knowing which strains to graft together
As a main rule of thumb, choose strains that have a similar flowering time to each other. Just like with growing any strain of marijuana, to flush the plant of nutrients with pure water is essential. In order to ensure none of the strains you have grafted together experience a nutrient deficiency, it is a good idea to ensure that they have similar flowering times. Otherwise, you will have to flush more than once, and this could potentially cause problems for the plant if they are not flowering at the same time.
There is also the option of choosing a mother plant that doesn’t flower at all, in which case flushing doesn’t really matter. You can do it as many times as necessary. This is also a good idea if you’re looking to have the same mother plant for a long time and it is not necessary for it to have flowering space or time of its own. The entire branch can be used to grow all the different strains you like.Grafting cannabis is a great way to increase the variety in your grow room. Read this article to find out how to graft your cannabis plant. ]]>