Is CBD oil legal in Maine?
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- What is CBD?
- Why is CBD sometimes illegal?
- Maine CBD laws
- Where to buy CBD in Maine
- How to read CBD labels and packaging
Hemp-derived CBD and cannabis-derived CBD are both legal in Maine. CBD can also be used as an additive in food or beverages.
Maine passed its first cannabis laws in 1999 when it gave patients the legal right to grow medical marijuana plants. Recreational cannabis was legalized in 2016 under the Marijuana Legalization Act, but a moratorium prohibited the sale of recreational cannabis. Recent legislation has since created a framework, and recreational dispensaries are projected to open in early 2020.
At present, only registered patients can purchase cannabis products, such as cannabis-derived CBD, from state dispensaries.
What is CBD?
CBD is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in cannabis and the second-most prominent in the plant after THC, which is mostly responsible for producing an intoxicating high. CBD can be sourced either from marijuana or hemp plants and has a wide range of potential therapeutic benefits.
CBD stands for cannabidiol, a non-intoxicating substance found in cannabis. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
To date, researchers have identified a number of potential applications linked to CBD, including anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-anxiety, and anti-seizure properties. Further, the chemical has shown promise in treating numerous health conditions, including seizure disorders, mood disorders such as depression, anxiety, and psychosis, chronic pain, and many more.
Most raw cannabis strains on the market today contain small amounts of CBD, especially compared with THC. But since the cannabinoid has gained considerable attention for its wide range of purported therapeutic benefits, more high-CBD strains have recently been cultivated.
Why is CBD sometimes illegal?
All types of cannabis, including hemp strains that don’t produce enough THC to cause intoxication, were considered illegal under the Federal Controlled Substances Act of 1970. The law categorized all cannabis as Schedule 1, which defined the plant as a highly addictive substance with a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use.
The 2018 Farm Bill re-classified hemp as an agricultural commodity and made its cultivation federally legal. Further, the act removed some forms of cannabis from Schedule 1 status by creating a legal distinction between hemp and marijuana. Hemp is cannabis with less than 0.3% THC, and marijuana refers to cannabis with more than 0.3% THC. This distinction in federal law effectively legalized CBD that is derived from cannabis with less than 0.3% THC, as long as it has been cultivated according to federal and state regulations.
The 2018 Farm Bill legislation does not mean that CBD derived from hemp is universally legal throughout the United States. According to the Farm Bill, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has the power to regulate CBD product labeling, including therapeutic claims and the use of CBD as a food additive.
The FDA has declared that hemp-derived CBD may not legally be added to food and beverages, or marketed as a dietary supplement. Although the organization has begun to re-evaluate some of its stances on legal CBD products, the FDA has not revised its regulations. The agency also has been strict in its position against any labeling that could be perceived as a medical claim about CBD.
In addition to the federal regulation of CBD, the Farm Bill also gave states the option to regulate and prohibit the cultivation and commerce of CBD. States may regulate CBD in food, beverages, dietary supplements, and cosmetic products independently, even before the FDA finalizes its policies. Maine has created its own regulations with respect to the use of CBD in food and food products.
Maine CBD laws
The cultivation of industrial hemp was legalized in Maine in 2009 under LD1159. In February 2019, the state passed additional legislation, LD 630, providing further regulations for the licensing of industrial hemp and the sale of hemp-derived CBD.
LD 630 aligns with the federal definition of hemp as containing 0.3% concentration of THC or less. According to the law, any hemp cultivated, manufactured, or sold within the state must be licensed with the Department of Agriculture, Conservation, and Forestry (DACF). The legislation also explicitly states that foods and food products containing hemp or CBD can be sold and marketed for non-pharmaceutical purposes. These products cannot make therapeutic claims, however, unless approved by federal law.
CBD sold in Maine must meet labeling standards.
- All labels must include the ingredients, the amount by weight, and the name, address, and zip code of the manufacturer.
- Labels must not include any health claims, including that hemp, CBD, or the product can diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease, injury, or condition.
- If a food product containing CBD is sold in a restaurant, the menu must clearly state the inclusion of CBD and the weight by item.
Cannabis was legalized in 1999 for medical purposes under An Act to Establish the Maine Medical Marijuana Act. Cannabis was legalized for adult use in 2016 under the Marijuana Legalization Act.
Similar to many states with recreational cannabis legislation, the commerce of recreational cannabis was placed under moratorium to allow time to develop regulations. In June 2019, Gov. Janet Mills signed LD 719 that sets up a framework for the sale of adult-use marijuana, which should become available for retail in early 2020. Until then, CBD derived from cannabis is only available to purchase from state-licensed dispensaries by patients with a medical marijuana card.
Licensing requirements for CBD
Hemp licensing in Maine is handled by the Department of Agriculture, Conservation, and Forestry. Applicants must complete their license application between January 1 and April 1 of the year they wish to grow hemp. Applicants must also submit a $100 application fee with their application. If the application is approved, licensees are also responsible for a $500 licensing fee and an additional fee of $50 per acre. Applicants must provide detailed information regarding the boundaries and dimensions of proposed growing sites.
Under Maine law, all industrial hemp must be planted using a certified seed source. These sources must be certified by the Association of Seed Certifying Agencies or another approved standard. Seeds must also come from plants that were tested during the active growing season and found to produce industrial hemp with 0.3% THC content or less.
All hemp licensees must also submit crop samples for testing. The inspection, sampling, or testing of hemp crops can happen at any time the department deems necessary (although licensees are notified prior to inspection). Licensees must allow full and unrestricted access to the crop, and all plants will be tested for THC content. If any crops test above the THC limit of 0.3% percent, they must be destroyed.
To meet federal legal criteria, CBD oil must contain no more than 0.3 percent THC. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Currently, all hemp in the state of Maine must be grown outdoors, although the state is currently working on regulations surrounding the cultivation of indoor hemp.
Maine CBD possession limits
There are no possession limits for hemp-derived CBD, CBD oil, or other CBD products.
Although there are no possession limits specified for CBD derived from cannabis, there are limits for cannabis possession. Individuals can possess up to 2.5 ounces. For those found with quantities in excess of this limit, Maine adheres to a tiered system of penalties.
Where to buy CBD in Maine
Hemp-derived CBD products, including CBD oil, can be found in a variety of retailers in Maine. Because the state allows CBD to be used as a food or food additive, grocery stores, restaurants, and other food-centric retail stores also sell CBD products.
Hemp-derived CBD products, including CBD oil, can be found in a variety of retailers in Maine. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
In addition, you can also shop for CBD online and find verified CBD brands on Weedmaps. It’s vital to do your research and ensure you’re purchasing CBD oil or other CBD products from a reputable source — whether that’s an online retailer or a brick and mortar location.
Reputable brands will generally provide you with essential product details, including the form of the CBD (such as oil, capsules, topicals, tinctures, etc.), the quantity of CBD the product contains, other chemicals or ingredients present in the product, and more.
Cannabis-derived CBD can only be purchased from a state dispensary with a medical marijuana card.
How to read CBD labels and packaging
The 2018 Farm Bill shifted the oversight of hemp and hemp-derived products from the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The FDA does not presently allow CBD-infused food, drinks, or dietary supplements to be sold, and hasn’t yet provided regulations for hemp-derived CBD products.
Still, the agency warns that regulations in flux still require companies to make legitimate claims on their labels. Buyers should nonetheless approach CBD products with caution. A CBD product should clearly state what kind of CBD is used.
Full-spectrum CBD oil means the extract contains cannabis-derived terpenes and trace amounts of cannabinoids such as THC. Broad-spectrum also includes other cannabis compounds but has had THC removed during the processing phase. CBD isolate is a pure crystalline powder containing only CBD.
As mentioned, Maine has its own labeling regulations for CBD products. However, most reputable CBD producers generally include the following information on their CBD product labels:
- Amount of active CBD per serving.
- Supplement Fact panel, including other ingredients.
- Net weight.
- Manufacturer or distributor name.
- Suggested use.
- Full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolate.
- Batch or date code.
Best CBD Oil in Maine
Do you live in the beautiful state of Maine but find it difficult to track down places to buy CBD oil that actually works? We’ve put together this guide to help you find the highest quality at a store nearest to you.
Our favorite CBD product can be purchased online for delivery to Maine:
The Best Places to Buy CBD in Maine
Cannabidiol (CBD) is part of a massive hemp industry that accounts for $500 million in annual imports — and most experts predict continued growth. CBD is one of the fastest-growing therapeautic products in this sector and is available in all 50 states and over 40 countries.
For a state of its size, Maine has an above-average amount of brick-and-mortar CBD shops, but you might prefer buying CBD online for convenience, wholesale pricing, and delivery services. Online retailers also tend to have a wide selection of high-quality CBD strains, including CBD oils, capsules, edibles, tinctures, balms, and other CBD products.
Is CBD Legal in Maine?
The Maine Medical Marijuana Act was first enacted in 1998. This act made it so that patients could grow and use marijuana, providing they met certain medical conditions and cannabis was recommended by their doctor. In 2016, recreational marijuana was legalized statewide, but it has been met with some opposition from the governor. Medical dispensaries are scattered across the state, but no recreational dispensaries have been able to set up shop just yet. Since medical and recreational marijuana use are both legal in Maine, the use of marijuana-derived CBD is completely legal as well.
Industrial hemp was first legalized in Maine back in 2009. Of course, that has only expanded over the years and significantly so since the passing of the US Farm Bill in 2018. As recently as 2019, there were some concerns surrounding the legality of CBD. This prompted Governor Janet Mills to sign the CBD Food Law in order to protect Maine residents’ rights to consume hemp-derived CBD. This is massive for CBD-consumers in Maine because it ensures that you won’t lose access to your favorite products despite the legal shuffling going on as the FDA moves towards regulation. Hemp-derived CBD products, including CBD edibles, are completely legal for medicinal and recreational purchase and consumption in Maine.
What Is CBD?
CBD is a non-psychotropic cannabinoid product (one of over 85) with only trace amounts of THC, so no matter the strain or dosage, CBD has zero intoxicating effects, making it a safe and legal alternative to other cannabis products.
CBD also has significant health benefits. In particular, CBD targets the endocannabinoid system, which regulates day-to-day functions from appetite and mood, to hormone regulation, sleep, and pain. But that’s just the beginning. A growing amount of medical research suggests that CBD could reduce, mitigate, or prevent some of society’s most devastating medical issues, including Alzheimer’s disease, cardiovascular disease, schizophrenia, epilepsy, ALS, general anxiety disorders, depression, and cancer. Annually, more reports come out extolling the virtues of therapeutic CBD.
Now let’s take a look at places to buy CBD in Maine.
CBD Oil Shops in Portland
Established in 2017, Soul Being (662 Congress St, Portland, ME 04101) is an alternative medicine shop and wellness situated in the heart of downtown. Find CBD products as well as massage therapies, aromatherapy, yoga, and much more. Open Tuesday-Saturday, 11AM-7PM.
CBD Oil Shops in Brunswick
In spite of its name, Not Another Glass Shop (7 Monument Pl, Topsham, ME 04086) is just that. Established in 2017, you’ll find a wide selection of CBD products, vaping products, e-juices, glass, and more. Open Tuesday-Sunday, 11AM-7PM.
CBD Oil Shops Near Lewiston
REMEDY Compassion Center (730 Center St, Auburn, ME 04210) is a state-licensed cannabis clinic, offering high-quality CBD strains and pain-relieving indicas and sativas. Boasting a five-star rating, customers rave over the highly knowledgeable staff. Customer service is a priority, and REMEDY helps customers on a case-by-case basis with tailored CBD products for their health needs. Open Tuesday-Saturday.
While not a CBD shop, GTK Analytic (Greene, ME 04236) is a cannabis lab that uses a 200x microscope/camera to inspect CBD concentrates, oils, and tinctures, helping CBD users find the optimal dosage and grade for their specific health needs.
CBD Oil Shops in Waterville
With seven years of experience, Empire Vape Shop (251 Main St, Waterville, ME 04901) specializes in vapes and e-cigs. Customers will also find over a dozen different juice flavors, premium juices, and 99% pure high-quality CBD liquid. Expert staff will help you navigate the extensive selection and answer any questions, whether you’re a experienced CBD user or novice. Open seven days a week: Monday-Saturday 8AM-8PM, Sunday 11AM-5PM.
CBD Oil Shops Near Bangor
If you’re in the Bangor area, East Coast CBDs (241 Depot St, Unity, ME 04988) offers medical-grade, high-quality CBD products developed on site and delivered to straight to your door. With multiple strains available, customers are ensured the best CBD for their specific needs.Best CBD Oil in Maine Do you live in the beautiful state of Maine but find it difficult to track down places to buy CBD oil that actually works? We’ve put together this guide to help you find the ]]>